https://revistas.rcaap.pt/motricidade/issue/feed Motricidade 2018-08-21T14:23:36+01:00 Nuno Garrido director@revistamotricidade.com Open Journal Systems <p>Journal Motricidade (ISSN 1646-107X, eISSN 2182-2972) is a scientific quarterly journal published by <a href="http://www.desafiosingular.com/" target="_blank">Desafio Singular Editions</a>. <span>Journal Motricidade publishes relevant original research and review articles, that are methodologically sound, theoretically grounded and that will potentially contribute to the scientific areas of sports, psychology and human development, and health promoting the international debate on those themes</span>.<br /><br />It is currently indexed in some of the most influential international databases such as <strong>ISI Web of Knowledge/<em>Scielo Citation Index</em></strong> (Thomson Reuters), <strong>Elsevier </strong>(SCOPUS, EMCare), <strong>SCImago</strong> (SJR: Medicine, Health Professions), <strong>PsycINFO</strong>, IndexCopernicus, <strong>Scielo</strong>, CABI, Qualis, <strong>SPORTDiscus</strong>, EBSCO, CINAHL, Proquest, DOAJ, Redalyc, Latindex, Gale/Cengage Learning, SIIC Databases, BVS ePORTUGUESe, SHERPA/RoMEO, OCLC, Hinari/WHO, Swets Information Services, among others.<br /><br />Journal Motricidade complies with the guidelines of the International Committee of the Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) and the American Psychological Association (APA) for the presentation of scientific articles in peer reviewed journals.</p> https://revistas.rcaap.pt/motricidade/article/view/14562 One more year: Volume 14 2018-08-21T14:23:36+01:00 Nuno Domingos Garrido ndgarrido@gmail.com <p>Journal Motricidade is going to publish its Volume 14 in 2018. We would like to start this editorial with a special thanks to the Editorial Board, namely the Editor-in-Chief and Associate Editors. Without their selfless endeavor it would not be possible to reach this volume. We would also like to thank the authors whose confidence in our publication should be praised.</p><p>We would like to dedicate, in the present editorial, a special recognition to the panel of reviewers. This rigorous double-blind review process that we adopted is only possible due to the solidarity of experts from the various areas covered by the scope of Motricidade.</p><p>With the advent of platforms that record the revisions made (e.g. Publons, Reviewer Credits, Peerage of Science, and Elsevier’s Reviewer Recognition), the reviewers can obtain the deserved credits, but never enough to match the work they put in the editorial flow of Motricidade or any other Journal or Scientific Publication.</p><p>With the beginning of this new year, in this new volume we will do an update of the international editorial board, inviting new colleagues to be part of this project (<a href="/motricidade/about/editorialTeam">http://revistas.rcaap.pt/motricidade/about/editorialTeam</a>), ensuring that their contribution will be positive and enriching, as it was the contribution of colleagues who were part of our editorial board during past years.</p><p>In this issue of Motricidade we publish a supplement of the 6<sup>th</sup> International Symposium of Strength &amp; Conditioning, held in Fortaleza in September of 2017. Motricidade has already published the proceedings of the 5<sup>th</sup> ISSC (<a href="/motricidade/article/view/8800">http://revistas.rcaap.pt/motricidade/article/view/8800</a>) and hopes to continue to promote events of this nature aiming, particularly, to encourage research and publication in this topic.</p><p>We want to continue as a reference for the readers and authors of Motricidade during this year of 2018. In my personal name and on behalf of the Editorial Board of Motricidade, I thank all those who contributed to the maturity of Motricidade.</p> 2018-05-24T16:40:43+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://revistas.rcaap.pt/motricidade/article/view/7350 A Transversal and Integrative Analysis of Exercise: A Study with Physical Activity Practitioners 2018-08-21T14:23:35+01:00 Rita Morais ritamorais41@hotmail.com Rui Gomes rgomes@psi.uminho.pt <p>This study was done with individuals that practiced exercise and had two main objectives: (a) understand the importance of psychological factors in the process of adoption and maintenance of exercise behavior; and (b) analyze exercise behavior by assuming an integrative conceptual perspective of different factors involved in exercise, especially the ones related with the psychological domain. Fifteen participants (seven males and eight females) with different levels of experience in exercise were selected for this study (five at one month, five at six months and five with 12 or more months of exercise practice). The participants had a mean age of 37.3 years old. Data were collected based on the interview guide “Psychological Assessment in Exercise: Interview Guides for Practitioners and Instructors - Version for Practitioners”. The main results showed that the exercise was explained by individual factors (e.g., psychological), contextual factors (e.g., local of practice), and cultural factors (e.g., stereotypes) that, in turn, changed across the time of exercise practice of participants. In conclusion, the use of a qualitative perspective that integrates different conceptual approaches proved to be crucial to understand the factors involved in exercise behavior.</p> 2018-05-24T16:40:44+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://revistas.rcaap.pt/motricidade/article/view/9872 Flow predisposition in Brazilian rugby athletes 2018-08-21T14:23:34+01:00 Gisele Maria Silva gimaria.silva@hotmail.com Simone Salvador Gomes gimaria.silva@hotmail.com Marcelo Callegari Zanetti gimaria.silva@hotmail.com Maria Regina Ferreira Brandão gimaria.silva@hotmail.com <p>Flow describes a mental state in which people seem to flow when they demonstrate a productive and motivated effort. This study sought to understand the significance that rugby athletes attribute to the flow state, the perception of the phenomena in the sports practice and the implications on performance. For that, 8 male athletes participated in the study, representing the juvenile and senior teams submitted to a semi-structured interview. The results indicated that flow occurs in situations that present balance between personal skills and challenges in sports activity. Success in the game, positive emotions, support/encouragement, recognition and overcoming were aspects that marked the experience elected as special. Making use of psychological strategies, high levels of concentration, feeling prepared for the game and positive emotions were cited as fundamental in achieving flow in the game. On the other hand, some aspects, besides causing harm, interrupted the flow: negative emotions, not perceiving one's self as prepared for the challenge, concentration problems, intragroup difficulties. Negative emotions and the feeling that one is not prepared for the challenge were aspects mentioned only by juvenile athletes. The athletes´ speech showed that although they could not describe the flow, they had already experienced this psychological state.</p> 2018-05-24T16:40:44+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://revistas.rcaap.pt/motricidade/article/view/10809 Kinematic variables of gait and quality of life in Parkinsonians after different treadmill trainings: a randomized control trial 2018-08-21T14:23:34+01:00 Maira Peloggia Cursino maira_cursino@hotmail.com Doralice Fernanda Raquel d_fernanda_1@hotmail.com Camilla Zamfolini Hallal camillazhallal@yahoo.com.br Flávia Roberta Faganello Navega frfaganello@marilia.unesp.br <span style="font-size: 9.0pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 12.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;" lang="EN-GB">The aim of this study was to analyse and compare the effects of gait training on a treadmill associated with partial body weight support (PBWS) or auditory stimulus (AS) and the kinematic variables of gait and quality of life (QOL) in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). Twenty-one volunteers with PD participated and were divided into: group with PBWS (GPBWS) with AS (GAS), and control group (CG). Soil step length (SL), SL variability (SLV), step width (SW), SW variability (SWV), gait speed (GS), and QOL were evaluated by the Parkinson’s Disease Questionnaire-39 (PDQ-39). The training was performed for six weeks, with three weekly sessions of 30 minutes. The results showed homogeneity of groups (p&gt; 0.05). There was an increase of SW in the GPBWS (p= 0.006) and GS in the GAS (p= 0.048) and decreased PDQ-39 in the CG (p= 0.005) and GAS (p= 0.006). <span style="mso-bidi-font-weight: bold;">For groups, regardless of evaluation, there were differences in SWV between the </span>GPBWS<span style="mso-bidi-font-weight: bold;"> and GAS (p= 0.030); for evaluations, independently of groups, there were differences in GS (p= 0.048) and PDQ-39 (p= 0.002). It was concluded that, among the studied conditions, there was a significant improvement for the groups: AS in GS and QOL, CG in QOL and GPBWS did not improve. 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font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";} </style> <![endif]--><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-left: 1.0cm; text-indent: 0cm; line-height: normal; mso-layout-grid-align: none;"><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 12.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;" lang="EN-GB">The aim of this study was to analyse and compare the effects of gait training on a treadmill associated with partial body weight support (PBWS) or auditory stimulus (AS) and the kinematic variables of gait and quality of life (QOL) in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). Twenty-one volunteers with PD participated and were divided into: group with PBWS (GPBWS) with AS (GAS), and control group (CG). Soil step length (SL), SL variability (SLV), step width (SW), SW variability (SWV), gait speed (GS), and QOL were evaluated by the Parkinson’s Disease Questionnaire-39 (PDQ-39). The training was performed for six weeks, with three weekly sessions of 30 minutes. The results showed homogeneity of groups (p&gt; 0.05). There was an increase of SW in the GPBWS (p= 0.006) and GS in the GAS (p= 0.048) and decreased PDQ-39 in the CG (p= 0.005) and GAS (p= 0.006). <span style="mso-bidi-font-weight: bold;">For groups, regardless of evaluation, there were differences in SWV between the </span>GPBWS<span style="mso-bidi-font-weight: bold;"> and GAS (p= 0.030); for evaluations, independent<span class="msoIns"><ins cite="mailto:Maira" datetime="2018-04-26T16:16">ly</ins></span> of groups, there were differences in GS (p= 0.048) and PDQ-39 (p= 0.002). It was concluded that, among the studied conditions, there was a significant improvement for the groups: AS in GS and QOL, CG in QOL and GPBWS did not improve. Thus, considering the clinical effect, treadmill training, independent<span class="msoIns"><ins cite="mailto:Maira" datetime="2018-04-26T16:17">ly</ins></span> of the stimuli, is clinically advantageous for gait improvements and QOL.</span></span></p><!--[if gte mso 9]><xml> <o:OfficeDocumentSettings> <o:RelyOnVML/> <o:AllowPNG/> </o:OfficeDocumentSettings> </xml><![endif]--><!--[if gte mso 9]><xml> <w:WordDocument> <w:View>Normal</w:View> <w:Zoom>0</w:Zoom> <w:TrackMoves/> <w:TrackFormatting/> <w:HyphenationZone>21</w:HyphenationZone> <w:PunctuationKerning/> <w:ValidateAgainstSchemas/> <w:SaveIfXMLInvalid>false</w:SaveIfXMLInvalid> <w:IgnoreMixedContent>false</w:IgnoreMixedContent> <w:AlwaysShowPlaceholderText>false</w:AlwaysShowPlaceholderText> <w:DoNotPromoteQF/> <w:LidThemeOther>PT</w:LidThemeOther> <w:LidThemeAsian>JA</w:LidThemeAsian> <w:LidThemeComplexScript>X-NONE</w:LidThemeComplexScript> <w:Compatibility> <w:BreakWrappedTables/> <w:SnapToGridInCell/> <w:WrapTextWithPunct/> 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##submission.copyrightStatement## https://revistas.rcaap.pt/motricidade/article/view/11788 Resistance exercise recovery morphology and AQP1 expression in denervated soleus muscle of Wistar rats 2018-08-21T14:23:33+01:00 Keli Lovison keli.lovison@hotmail.com Lizyana Vieira keli.lovison@hotmail.com Regina Inês Kunz keli.lovison@hotmail.com Suellen Ribeiro da Silva Scarton keli.lovison@hotmail.com Juliana Sobral Antunes keli.lovison@hotmail.com Jhenifer Karvat keli.lovison@hotmail.com Ana Luiza Peretti keli.lovison@hotmail.com Gladson Ricardo Flor Bertolini keli.lovison@hotmail.com Rose Meire Costa Brancalhão keli.lovison@hotmail.com Célia Cristina Leme Beu keli.lovison@hotmail.com Lucinéia de Fátima Chasko Ribeiro keli.lovison@hotmail.com <p>It was our objective to analyse the effects of resistance exercise (climbing steps), which was started in the acute phase, on the histomorphometry and the expression of aquaporin 1 (AQP1) in the soleus muscle after sciatic nerve injury in Wistar rats. Twenty-four adult rats were randomly divided into the following four groups, containing six animals each: control (G1); exercise (G2); injury (G3); and exercise with injury (G4). Three days after the compression of the sciatic nerve, the animals in G2 and G4 were submitted to resistance exercise for 21 non-consecutives days. The exercise was conducted in two series of 10 consecutive ascents of the ladder, with an additional weight of 100g and with an interval of 60 seconds between sets for rest. After this period, the animals were sacrificed, and the soleus muscle was processed. The number of blood capillaries in G3 was 65.7% and 76.86% higher when compared with the G2 and G4, respectively. The morphological analysis revealed muscle damage in G3, hypertrophy in G2 and significant improvement in the muscle in G4. The AQP1 was immunolocalized in the endothelium of blood capillaries present in the muscle fibres, with different expressions in the groups. Resistance exercise initiated in the acute phase was an effective therapeutic modality in the recovery of morphological aspects in the soleus muscle after denervation.</p><p><br /><strong></strong></p> 2018-05-24T16:40:49+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://revistas.rcaap.pt/motricidade/article/view/12074 Stratification of the level of aerobic fitness based on heart rate variability parameters in adult males at rest 2018-08-21T14:23:32+01:00 Wollner Materko wollner.materko@unifap.br <p>This study aimed to determine a model for stratifying the maximum oxygen uptake (VO<sub>2</sub>max) based on heart rate variability (HRV) parameters at rest. It was applied 70 young adult physically active male. After recording the resting tachogram with a heart rate monitor for 5 min, a maximal incremental test was performed to measure VO<sub>2</sub>max. Based on VO<sub>2</sub>max percentile, participants were divided into two groups of 35: high (HG) and low (LG) aerobic fitness group. Groups were compared according to: (1) VO<sub>2</sub>max; (2) Classical HRV parameters and the cardiac deceleration rate (CDR). HG presented significant higher VO<sub>2</sub>max than LG (48.61 ± 6.70 vs 34.62 ± 3.81 ml.kg<sup>-1</sup>.min<sup>-1</sup>). The HG higher values in the time domain HRV parameters, as well as in the high frequency contents in the frequency domain. Also, CDR index was significant higher for HG than LG (p&lt;0.01). The model for predicting VO<sub>2</sub>max was obtained by backward stepwise multivariate logistic regression assuming as independent variables CDR and pNN50. This model presented 85.74% positive predictive value, 88.51% negative predictive value and 87.16% total accuracy. In conclusion, the use of the proposed model was able to stratify the level of aerobic fitness in young healthy adult males at rest<strong>.</strong></p><p><strong><br /></strong></p> 2018-05-24T16:40:49+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://revistas.rcaap.pt/motricidade/article/view/12221 High level of Brazilian men´s volleyball: characterization and difference of predictive factors of back row attack 2018-08-21T14:23:31+01:00 Gustavo de Conti Teixeira Costa Conti conti02@hotmail.com Henrique de Oliveira Castro Castro henriquecastro88@yahoo.com.br Auros Barreiros Freire Freire aurobfreire@hotmail.com Breno Ferreira Evangelista Evangelista conti02@hotmail.com Gustavo Ferreira Pedrosa Pedrosa gustavofpedrosa@gmail.com Herbert Ugrinowitsch Ugrinowitsch herbertugri@yahoo.com.br Gibson Moreira Praça Praça gibson_moreira@yahoo.com.br <p>This study aimed to identify the predictive factors of attacks, performed from positions 1 and 6 according to the effect of reception in high level Brazilian male volleyball and to find the predictive factors that differentiate the game practiced from these positions. The sample consisted in the observation of 142 games of the Brazilian Men's Super League, totalling 2969 actions of reception, setting and attack from positions 1 and 6. The significance value adopted was 5% (p ≤ 0.05). The analysis of the predictive factors of the game performed by the attacker of position 1 showed greater chances to score after an excellent (odds ratio adjusted – ORA = 1.48) and moderate effect of reception (ORA = 1.31), the second attack tempo (ORA = 1.32), the powerful attack in parallel (ORA = 1.91) and in diagonal (ORA =3.44). The attacker of position 6 showed higher chances of scoring after a high effect of reception (ORA = 3.39) and powerful attack in the parallel (ORA = 1.53). In conclusion, regardless the effect of reception, the use of the back-row attackers is recommended to increase the uncertainty on the opposing team and the chances to score.</p> 2018-05-24T16:40:49+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://revistas.rcaap.pt/motricidade/article/view/13724 The acquisition of aquatic skills in preschool children: deep versus shallow water swimming lessons 2018-08-21T14:23:29+01:00 Helena A Rocha amcosta@ubi.pt Daniel A Marinho amcosta@ubi.pt Nuno D Garrido ndgarrido@gmail.com Liliane S Morgado amcosta@ubi.pt Aldo M Costa amcosta@ubi.pt <p>One of the key factors in the swimming teaching-learning process seems to be the variation of water’s depth.However, there are almost no studies about this topic and the existing ones usually follow a basic approach and with no control of the educational program used. It was our purpose to determine the effect of deep versus shallow water differences on developing pre-schoolers’ aquatic skills after 6 months of practice. Twenty-one Portuguese school-aged children of both genders (4.70 ± 0.51 yrs.), inexperienced in aquatic programs, participated in this study. The children were divided into two groups performing a similar aquatic program but in a different water depth: shallow water (n=10) and deep water (n=11). Each participant was evaluated twice for their aquatic readiness using an observation check list of 17 aquatic motor skills: during the first session (T0) and after six months of practice (two sessions per week with a total of 48 sessions) (T1). The aquatic proficiency on each skill was compared between the groups and a stepwise discriminant analysis was conducted to predict the conditions with higher or lower aquatic competence. Results suggested that swimming practice contributed positively to improvements on several basic aquatic skills, in both groups. The results showed that shallow water group managed to acquire a higher degree of aquatic competence particularly in five basic aquatic skills (p&lt; .05): breath control combined with face immersion and eye opening; horizontal buoyancy; body position at ventral gliding; body position at dorsal gliding; leg kick with breath control at ventral body position, without any flutter device. The discriminant function revealed a significant association between both groups and four included factors (aquatic skills) (p&lt; .001), accounting for 88% between group variability. The body position at ventral gliding was the main relevant predictor (r=0.535). Shallow water swimming lessons generated greater aquatic competence in preschool children after a period of 6 months of practice.</p> 2018-05-24T16:40:50+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://revistas.rcaap.pt/motricidade/article/view/12223 Sedentary behaviors and psychological outcomes among older adults: a systematic review 2018-08-21T14:23:30+01:00 André Ramalho andreramalho361@gmail.com João Petrica j.petrica@ipcb.pt António Rosado arosado@fmh.ulisboa.pt <p>This systematic review aimed to synthesize the scientific evidence about the relationship between sedentary behaviours and various psychological outcomes in older adults. The study searches were conducted in the following databases: PubMed, PsycINFO, ISI Web of Knowledge and ScienceDirect. We selected 15 observational quantitative studies according to specific eligibility criteria. The data extraction was performed independently by different authors, including the evaluation of the risk of bias of the studies and the classification of the force of evidence. The results showed a tendency of showing no associations between the sedentary behaviours, the well-being and quality of life of the elderly. Concerning life satisfaction and perceived stress, it seems that active sedentary activities have positive effects on these indicators. Evidence has also suggested that some sedentary behaviours may help maintain some cognitive functions in the elderly population, namely in different types of memory. In other studies, it has been demonstrated a tendency that too much time in passive sedentary activities has been associated with depressive symptomatology. However, this review suggested that the evidence is not yet consistent in the relationship between the sedentary behaviours of the elderly and the indicators analysed, and more research is needed.</p> 2018-05-24T16:40:50+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://revistas.rcaap.pt/motricidade/article/view/14321 Proceedings of the 6th International Symposium on Strength & Conditioning (2017) 2018-08-21T14:23:28+01:00 Victor Machado Reis victormachadoreis@gmail.com Felipe José Aidar fjaidar@gmail.com André Luiz Carneiro algcarneiro@gmail.com Mário Jorge Costa mario.costa@ipg.pt Jorge Morais morais.jorgestrela@gmail.com Henrique Neiva henriquepn@gmail.com Rubens Vinicius Letieri rubens.letieri@gmail.com Guilherme Tucher tucher@guilhermetucher.com.br Nuno Domingos Garrido ndgarrido@gmail.com The papers published in these proceedings were submitted to the Scientific Commission of the 6<sup>th</sup> International Symposium on Strength and Physical Conditioning, held on September 2 and 3, 2017, at the Universitary Centre Estácio of Ceará, Fortaleza, Brazil. Authors are exclusively responsible for the content of the manuscript published. The editors and the Scientific Committee of the 6<sup>th</sup> International Symposium on Strength and Physical Conditioning assume no responsibility for the opinions and statements expressed by the authors. Partial reproduction of the texts and their use without commercial purposes is allowed, provided that the source/reference is duly mentioned. 2018-05-24T16:40:50+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##