Motricidade https://revistas.rcaap.pt/motricidade <p>Journal Motricidade (ISSN 1646-107X, eISSN 2182-2972) is a scientific quarterly journal published by <a href="http://www.desafiosingular.com/" rel="noopener">Desafio Singular Editions</a>. Journal Motricidade publishes relevant original research and review articles, that are methodologically sound, theoretically grounded and that will potentially contribute to the scientific areas of sports, psychology and human development, and health-promoting the international debate on those themes.<br /><br />It is currently indexed in some of the most influential international databases such as <strong>ISI Web of Knowledge/<em>Scielo Citation Index</em></strong> (Thomson Reuters), <strong>Elsevier </strong>(SCOPUS, EMCare), <strong>SCImago</strong> (SJR: Medicine, Health Professions), <strong>PsycINFO</strong>, IndexCopernicus, <strong>Scielo</strong>, CABI, Qualis, <strong>SPORTDiscus</strong>, EBSCO, CINAHL, Proquest, DOAJ, Latindex, Gale/Cengage Learning, SIIC Databases, BVS ePORTUGUESe, SHERPA/RoMEO, OCLC, Hinari/WHO, Swets Information Services, among others.<br /><br />Journal Motricidade complies with the guidelines of the International Committee of the Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) and the American Psychological Association (APA) for the presentation of scientific articles in peer-reviewed journals.</p> en-US <p>The authors of submitted manuscripts must transfer the full copyright to Journal Motricidade / Desafio Singular Editions. Granting copyright permission allows the publication and dissemination of the article in printed or electronic formats and copyrights start at the moment the manuscript is accepted for publication. It also allows Journal Motricidade to use and commercialize the article in terms of licensing, lending or selling its content to indexation/abstracts databases and other entities.</p><p>According to the terms of the Creative Commons licence, authors may reproduce a reasonable number of copies for personal or professional purpose but without any economic gains. SHERPA/RoMEO allows authors to post a final digital copy (post-printing version) of the article in their websites or on their institutions' scientific repository.</p> director@revistamotricidade.com (Nuno Garrido) director@revistamotricidade.com (Nuno Garrido) Wed, 31 Mar 2021 00:00:00 +0100 OJS 3.2.1.2 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Towards a new sport agenda in Portugal in European convergence 2021-2027 https://revistas.rcaap.pt/motricidade/article/view/23403 <p>In the year that Portugal assumes its fourth presidency of the Council of the European Union (EU), in addition to the priority of the EU budget for 2021-2027, the Post-pandemic Recovery Fund, and the 'Brexit', there are sensitive issues such as the environment, the digital transition, the social dimension, resilience, and global Europe, in which sport must be aligned.</p> António José Silva Copyright (c) 2021 https://revistas.rcaap.pt/motricidade/article/view/23403 Wed, 31 Mar 2021 00:00:00 +0100 The effect of warm-up in resistance training and strength performance: a systematic review https://revistas.rcaap.pt/motricidade/article/view/21143 <p>The warm-up is fundamental to optimize physical activity and exercise performance. However, little is known about the effect of warm-up in resistance training and strength performance. We performed a systematic review to synthesize and analyze the effects of different warm-up strategies in maximal and submaximal strength during resistance exercises. A search for studies was performed on four databases (Web of Science, Scopus, PubMed, and ScienceDirect) for original research published between May 1973 and December 2019. Eleven articles were selected according to the inclusion criteria. Most of the studies evaluated the effects of warm-up on maximal strength and the number of repetitions until failure. The results were not consensual regarding the use of general warm-up followed by a specific warm-up. Moreover, while some studies showed that specific warm-up did not lead to different results than without warm-up, others found that performing only the specific warm-up was the best way to obtain maximal strength performance. It seemed that the maximal strength and the number of repetitions could be positively affected when a specific warm-up is performed at loads close to the maximum. Further studies are needed to deepen the knowledge about the preparation procedures for optimizing resistance exercise performances.</p> <p><strong><em>Keywords</em>:</strong> pre-exercise, general warm-up, specific warm-up, strength, performance.</p> Bruno Ribeiro, Ana Pereira, Pedro P. Neves, Daniel Marinho, Mário Marques, Henrique P Neiva Copyright (c) 2021 Motricidade https://revistas.rcaap.pt/motricidade/article/view/21143 Wed, 31 Mar 2021 00:00:00 +0100 Evaluation of reaction time in children with sickle cell anemia https://revistas.rcaap.pt/motricidade/article/view/18935 <p>Sickle cell anemia is a chronic disease that can severely affect the ability to process information quickly. The aim of this study was to evaluate the reaction time in children with sickle cell anemia using simple reaction time and choice reaction time tests. A cross-sectional study was performed at the Children's Hospital of Brasília, with patients from the hematology outpatient clinic. The experimental group was composed of 24 sickle cell children and the control group of 22 children not affected by sickle cell anemia. The simple reaction time and choice reaction time were evaluated using equipment developed for this purpose. The results showed a significant deficit in the choice reaction time of children with sickle cell anemia (<em>p</em>= 0.000161). In simple reaction time, the experimental group showed less attention, committing a higher proportion of errors by omission when compared to the control group (<em>p</em>= 0.00678). The lower rate of success in simple reaction time and choice reaction time tests in children with sickle cell anemia may be related to the high incidence of silent cerebral infarction in this population. Another fact that may be associated with high reaction time in patients with sickle cell anemia is the lack of experience and opportunities for motor activities throughout childhood due to the pathology.</p> <p><em><strong>KEYWORDS:</strong></em> chronic disease; hemoglobin, sickle; child development; psychomotor performance; brain injuries.</p> Kellen Carvalho Vicentina Marinello, Maria Claudia Pereira, Valdinar de Araújo Rocha Junior, Flavia Vanessa de Araujo Medeiros, Fernanda Sampaio Teles, Sílvia Maria Gonçalves Coutinho, Jake Carvalho do Carmo Copyright (c) 2021 https://revistas.rcaap.pt/motricidade/article/view/18935 Wed, 31 Mar 2021 00:00:00 +0100 Prevalence and sociodemographic factors associated with passive commuting to school: comparison between adolescents from different regions of Brazil https://revistas.rcaap.pt/motricidade/article/view/19453 <p>The level of physical activity of adolescents has been a concern for public health agencies, suggesting the maximum use of the physical activities available in daily life. This study aimed to compare the prevalence of passive commuting to school and analyze the sociodemographic factors associated with adolescents from two Brazilian cities. The participants of this cross-sectional, epidemiologic, and school-based study were adolescents boys and girls, aged 15 to 18, from a city of Southern Brazil, São José/Santa Catarina (= 1024), and from a city of Northern Brazil city, Manaus/Amazonas (n= 1109). Participants completed a self-administered questionnaire with information regarding commuting to school, age, gender, and Family income. Poisson regression was used to estimate the prevalence ratios and confidence intervals of 95% (CI95%). The adolescents from Santa Catarina were more passive (53.5%; CI95%: 50.1-56.0) than adolescents from Amazonas (37.3%; CI95%: 34.5-39.7) in commuting to school. Female gender and being part of a Family with higher monthly income were associated with increased chances of passively commuting to school in both cities. The ages of 16 and 17 were associated with diminished chances of passively commuting to school in adolescents from Amazonas. Measures to avoid and reduce passive commuting should target, especially, girls and adolescents from higher-income Families.</p> <p><em>Keywords</em>: Adolescents, Physical activity, Income.</p> André de Araújo Pinto, Felipe Leite Françosi, Markus Vinicius Nahas, Rita Maria dos Santos Puga Barbosa, Diego Augusto Santos Silva, Andreina Medeiros Costa, Mateus Augusto Bim, Karoline Sousa Scarabelot, Gaia Salvador Claumann, Andreia Pelegrini Copyright (c) 2021 https://revistas.rcaap.pt/motricidade/article/view/19453 Wed, 31 Mar 2021 00:00:00 +0100 Influence of systematized contents of physical education on motor coordination of children in early childhood https://revistas.rcaap.pt/motricidade/article/view/20098 <p>Motor practices should provide children the acquisition of mature patterns of fundamental skills, but currently scholar Physical Education does not appear to offer sufficient stimulation. The objective of the study was to evaluate the effect of systematized classes in preschool children's motor coordination. The coordinative level of 84 children aged four to five years was evaluated through the battery of tests KTK, before and after two distinct programs of motor practices, namely the regular Physical Education classes given by non-specialist physical education teachers (CG) and intervention based on a developmental approach (EG). We compared the scores of the KTK tests between groups for each moment; between pre- and post-tests for each group; we analyzed the effect sizes for; and run subsequent analysis stratified by sex and by age. Both groups have improved the scores in all tasks. In the post-test, EG achieved statistically higher scores in comparison to CG for only one task of KTK, but it achieved higher effect sizes in all tasks. The stratified results did differ relatively to the effect of the interventions regarding the sexes, but indicated that younger children might be particularly sensitive to those interventions. We discuss the relevance of systematized contents with organization, variability, progressive difficulty, and suitability to age range for an adequate development of motor coordination in preschoolers.</p> Siomara Aparecida da Silva, César Milagres da Silva, Marcella de Castro Campos Velten Copyright (c) 2021 https://revistas.rcaap.pt/motricidade/article/view/20098 Wed, 31 Mar 2021 00:00:00 +0100 The effect of a six months multicomponent training in elderly’s body composition and functional fitness – A before-after analysis https://revistas.rcaap.pt/motricidade/article/view/20221 <p>The aim of this study was to assess elderly’s functional fitness and body composition effects between pre and post multicomponent training program with six months of intervention. The sample of this study was composed with 34 volunteered elderlies with 68 (± 7.55) years old. The body composition was evaluated with a Tanita BC-545 and functional fitness test assessed elderly’s functional fitness. The body composition did not presented significant changes between the pre and post exercise program intervention. The training program increased the upper limbs strength levels and upper body flexibility and aerobic endurance. Different associations between body composition and functional fitness variables were founded between pre and post multicomponent training program. In this study, body composition seems not to be affected. However, functional fitness in upper limbs strength, upper body flexibility and aerobic endurance improved under a six months of multicomponent training.</p> Pedro Forte, Pedro Pinto, Tiago M. Barbosa, Jorge E. Morais, António M. Monteiro Copyright (c) 2020 Motricidade https://revistas.rcaap.pt/motricidade/article/view/20221 Fri, 02 Apr 2021 00:00:00 +0100 VidaProFit: Characterization of Fitness Professionals in Portugal https://revistas.rcaap.pt/motricidade/article/view/20727 <p>VidaProFit intends to characterize fitness professionals in Portugal, namely Technical Directors and Physical Exercise Technician, regarding socio-demographic variables and their intervention. A questionnaire was built and validated, and professionals respond in an online platform. Data were collected between November 2019 and March 2020, with a sample of 445 professionals. Regarding the sociodemographic characterization, the professionals have an average age of 30,4 years, professional experience of 8,7 years and most of them are single, without children and graduates. The most performed functions are group classes, exercise room and personal training. Regarding working hours, 58% work 35 hours or more and 42% less or 34 hours, although 66,3% indicate that they don´t have other profession. Most of the professionals perform functions in gyms/health clubs and have a job as an independent worker with a salary between €631.98 and €842.63. Regarding the verification of the association between the variables age and professional experience and the number of hours per function, it was found that a higher age and number of years of professional experience are significantly associated with the higher number of hours of more associated with coordination tasks, seeming to indicate that as professionals get older and get experience they perform more this type of functions.</p> Liliana Ricardo Ramos, Dulce Esteves, Isabel Vieira, Susana Franco, Vera Simões Copyright (c) 2021 https://revistas.rcaap.pt/motricidade/article/view/20727 Wed, 31 Mar 2021 00:00:00 +0100 Uma Impact of Sex, Age and Practice Time on Self-Efficacy in Brazilian Volleyball High-Level Athletes https://revistas.rcaap.pt/motricidade/article/view/20869 <p>Anxiety can significantly influence the athlete's performance in the game. The objective of this study was to analyze the trait anxiety and state anxiety related to the competitive situation and correlate it between anxiety and self-confidence variables. Thirty-three college basketball student-athletes (21.61; SD= 2.72 years old) were evaluated using sample characterization questionnaires, SCAT, and CSAI-2 in 3 collection moments (baseline, pre-game, and post-game). The results showed: a) no statistically significant difference in the three moments analyzed in the trait anxiety, with statistically significant correlations with cognitive Anxiety and self-confidence (r= 0.389 e 0-414, respectively); b) in somatic Anxiety, there was a statistically significant difference between baseline, pre-game and post-game levels, with statistically significant correlations with cognitive Anxiety (r= 0.313) and self-confidence (r= -0.511); c) in cognitive Anxiety, there was a statistically significant difference between baseline, pre-game and post-game levels, with significant correlations with self-confidence (r= 0.289). This research, which evaluated Anxiety in competitive situations, makes possible the identification of these variations over time in order to provide important data for the coaching staff, thus improving intervention strategies for the athlete's performance of college sport.</p> <p><strong><em>Keywords</em>:</strong> Sport psychology, Trait anxiety, State anxiety, College basketball, Student-Athlete.</p> Thais do Amaral Machado, Mayara Juliana Paes , Gabriel Jungles Fernandes , Carine Collet , Luciana da Silva Lirani, Joice Mara Facco Stefanello Copyright (c) 2021 https://revistas.rcaap.pt/motricidade/article/view/20869 Wed, 31 Mar 2021 00:00:00 +0100 Anxiety in female college basketball https://revistas.rcaap.pt/motricidade/article/view/21074 <p>Anxiety can significantly influence the athlete's performance in the game. The objective of this study was to analyze the trait anxiety and state anxiety related to the competitive situation and correlate it between anxiety and self-confidence variables. Thirty-three college basketball student-athletes (21.61; SD= 2.72 years old) were evaluated using sample characterization questionnaires, SCAT, and CSAI-2 in 3 collection moments (baseline, pre-game, and post-game). The results showed: a) no statistically significant difference in the three moments analyzed in the trait anxiety, with statistically significant correlations with cognitive Anxiety and self-confidence (r= 0.389 e 0-414, respectively); b) in somatic Anxiety, there was a statistically significant difference between baseline, pre-game and post-game levels, with statistically significant correlations with cognitive Anxiety (r= 0.313) and self-confidence (r= -0.511); c) in cognitive Anxiety, there was a statistically significant difference between baseline, pre-game and post-game levels, with significant correlations with self-confidence (r= 0.289). This research, which evaluated Anxiety in competitive situations, makes possible the identification of these variations over time in order to provide important data for the coaching staff, thus improving intervention strategies for the athlete's performance of college sport.</p> <p><strong><em>Keywords</em>:</strong> Sport psychology, Trait anxiety, State anxiety, College basketball, Student-Athlete.</p> Kaio Borges Guerrero, Paula Teixeira Fernandes Copyright (c) 2021 https://revistas.rcaap.pt/motricidade/article/view/21074 Wed, 31 Mar 2021 00:00:00 +0100 Is young athletes’ bullying behaviour different in team, combat or individual sports? https://revistas.rcaap.pt/motricidade/article/view/21129 <p>This study aims at describing and comparing the prevalence of bullying behaviours and the perspective of victims, bystanders, and aggressors in team, individual, and combat sports. The survey involved 664 athletes of both genders (13-18 years old) from sports school and federated of several sports (team n=451, individual n=173, combat n=40), who filled in the Prevention of Violence in Sport Questionnaire. The prevalence of bullying (victims, bullies, and bystanders) was 26.7% in team sports; 19.1% in individual sports, and 23.1% in combat. Through the Chi-square test, it was verified that there were no significant differences between different sports in what concerns the prevalence of bullying behaviours; neither was there a difference in the perspective of victims, bystanders, and aggressors. The percentage was bigger in victims (7.7%) and bystanders (17.4%) in combat sports, and aggressors (3.3%) in team sports. There are not aggressors in combat sports. Further studies are needed in order to achieve a deeper knowledge of the problem and plan strategies to prevent this sort of behaviour.</p> <p><strong><em>Keywords</em>:</strong> bullying, individual-sports, team-sports, combat-sports, youth</p> Philippe Marracho, Antonino Manuel Almeida Pereira , Miguel Venda da Graça Nery, António Fernando Boleto Rosado, Eduarda Maria Rocha Teles de Castro Coelho Copyright (c) 2021 Motricidade https://revistas.rcaap.pt/motricidade/article/view/21129 Wed, 31 Mar 2021 00:00:00 +0100 Effects of weekly hippotherapy frequency on gross motor function and functional performance of children with cerebral palsy: a randomized controlled trial https://revistas.rcaap.pt/motricidade/article/view/23847 <p><strong>Objective</strong>: To verify whether hippotherapy once or twice a week has a different effect on gross motor function and functional performance in children with cerebral palsy. <strong>Methods</strong>: This trial had 20 children (age 2 to 5 years and 11 months) with cerebral palsy who were assigned to the groups once a week (n = 9) or twice a week (n = 11) and underwent 30-minute hippotherapy sessions for 16 weeks. The instruments used were the Gross Motor Function Measure (GMFM) and the Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory (PEDI), assessed at baseline and after 16 weeks. <strong>Results</strong>: A significant time effect was observed for both groups without significant interactions between groups. <strong>Conclusions</strong>: Hippotherapy improved the gross motor function and functional performance of children with cerebral palsy, regardless of the weekly frequency of the sessions. This result has relevant clinical implications, since hippotherapy has a high cost and the prescription of weekly sessions could make this treatment more available for this population.</p> <p><strong>Key-words</strong>: Equine-assisted therapy, Cerebral Palsy, Heavy Motor Function, Functional Performance</p> Alessandra Vidal, Jorge Manuel Gomes de Azevedo Fernandes, Ivanilda Costa da Rosa Gutierres, Franciele Cascaes da Silva, Rudney Silva, Paulo José Barbosa Gutierres Filho Copyright (c) 2021 https://revistas.rcaap.pt/motricidade/article/view/23847 Fri, 02 Apr 2021 00:00:00 +0100 Adolescent obesity facts https://revistas.rcaap.pt/motricidade/article/view/23402 <p>Obesity prevalence through childhood and adolescence has been classified as a serious public health problem noting a worldwide increase in the prevalence of overweight/obesity and therefore different etiologically related diseases. In developed countries, current prevalence levels reach 23.8% in boys and 22.6% in girls, with Portugal showing high prevalence values like other southern European and the Mediterranean countries (WHO, 2017).</p> <p>Not only for the health of the present generation of young adolescents but also for future adult’s populations, the need to find better multi-sectoral strategies for current public policies appears to be fundamental. Although it is not the main scope of this text, it will be important, in due course, to analyse the effectiveness of the current inter-sectoral health policies applied in some countries, although it is clear that no country until now has been able to definitively reverse this phenomenon.</p> <p>Our main purpose of this research note is to present the preliminary results of the <em>Causes4adolescentObsesity</em> (C4AO) project, which included a sample of 603 students from the northern and central interior&nbsp;region of&nbsp;Portugal.&nbsp;</p> Aldo Filipe Costa, Vitor Manuel Rodrigues, Maria João Monteiro, António José Silva Copyright (c) 2021 https://revistas.rcaap.pt/motricidade/article/view/23402 Wed, 31 Mar 2021 00:00:00 +0100