Lima, M. 2016. In this four and last manuscript, from the heading “DESIGN, WRITING AND PUBLISHING OF SCIENTIFIC MANUSCRIPTS”, as part of the “SCIENTIFIC EDUCATION” section of the journal “NASCER E CRESCER”, we emphasize the need for verification of the last version of the scientific paper and we present the most relevant aspects of the process of publishing, since its submis- sion until the final decision of refusal or acceptance, and in the latter case, the correction of the proofs. NASCER E CRESCER - BIRTH AND GROWTH MEDICAL JOURNAL. 22, 4 (Sep. 2016), 263–268. DOI:https://doi.org/10.25753/BirthGrowthMJ.v22.i4.9914.