European social models and "criminal" models: an exploratory approach

  • Eduardo Viegas Ferreira Escola de Polícia Judiciária, Instituto Superior de Ciências Policiais e Segurança Interna; Universidade Lusíada de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal.
Keywords: social model, “criminal” model, crime, security and justice, European Union


The literature has been showing that the risk of poverty and inequality in the distribution of incomes vary depending on the social model that is adopted in each country, and that poverty and inequality are associated with different types and levels of criminality. Inspired by Esping-Andersen’s (1990) seminal typology, this study used cluster analysis to explore the existing relationships between social models and “criminal” models. The results suggest that different types and levels of sociopolitical and socioeconomic development do more than the current social model to influence the “criminal” model. These results are discussed with reference to both the available theoretical corpus and the author’s methodological choices.