Sociologia, Problemas e Práticas https://revistas.rcaap.pt/sociologiapp <p><em>Sociologia, Problemas e Práticas</em> is a scientific journal whose main purpose is to publish sociological analysis articles resulting from original research, the development of theory, or thematic evaluation. It also accepts papers from other social science areas, where there is an interdisciplinary interest. It is directed towards an international audience, publishing articles in Portuguese, English Spanish and French, by authors from various countries. The journal's editorial stance is governed by principles of scientific quality, paradigmatic pluralism and social relevance. It aims to ensure that the articles published make a significant contribution to the advance of knowledge. Articles submitted for publication undergo a blind independent review by at least two recognised specialists drawn from a range of countries.The journal Sociologia, Problemas e Práticas was established in 1986, since when it has been published without interruption. It is indexed in various international bibliographic databases.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <table width="100%"> <tbody> <tr> <td><img src="/public/site/images/admin/homepageImage_en_US.jpg" alt="Sociologia Problemas e Práticas"></td> <td> <p style="font-size: 8pt;"><strong>Indexing and Abstracting</strong></p> <p style="font-size: 8pt;"><a 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href="http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/search.php?issn=0873-6529&amp;type=issn&amp;la=en&amp;fIDnum=|&amp;mode=simple">SHERPA/RoMEO</a></em> <br><em><a href="http://www.scimagojr.com/journalsearch.php?q=08736529&amp;tip=iss&amp;exact=yes%3E">SCImago</a></em></p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> Mundos Sociais, CIES-IUL, Instituto Universitário de Lisboa (ISCTE-IUL) en-US Sociologia, Problemas e Práticas 0873-6529 <!-- [if gte mso 9]><xml> <o:OfficeDocumentSettings> <o:AllowPNG ></o:AllowPNG> </o:OfficeDocumentSettings> </xml><![endif]--> <p class="MsoNormal" style="mso-margin-top-alt: auto; mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto; line-height: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 12.0pt; font-family: 'Times New Roman','serif'; mso-fareast-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;">Authors who publish in this Journal must agree the following terms and conditions:</span></p> <ol type="a"> <li class="MsoNormal show" style="mso-margin-top-alt: auto; mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto; 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</xml><![endif]--><!-- [if gte mso 10]> <mce:style><! /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Tabela normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin-top:0cm; mso-para-margin-right:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:10.0pt; mso-para-margin-left:0cm; line-height:115%; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;} --> <p>&nbsp;</p> <!--[endif] --> Cadets in portuguese military academies: a sociological portrait https://revistas.rcaap.pt/sociologiapp/article/view/14043 <p><span style="display: inline !important; float: none; background-color: #ffffff; color: #1f1a17; font-family: Palatino Linotype; font-size: 10.06px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: left; text-decoration: none; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px;">The aim of this article is to revisit the question of the social origins of the armed forces officer corps, using data drawn from a survey to all cadets following military training at the three Portuguese service academies in 2016. It&nbsp;puts forward the question of whether the sociological characteristics of the future military elite reveal a pattern of convergence with society or depart from it, in terms of geographical origins, gender and social origins. The article offers a sociological portrait of the cadets and compares it with previous studies, identifying trends of change and continuity. The results show that there is a diversified and convergent recruitment pattern: cadets are coming from a greater variety of regions in the country than in the past; there is a still an asymmetric but improving gender balance; self-recruitment patterns are rather stable, and there is a segmented social origin pointing to the dominance of the more qualified and affluent social classes. In the conclusion questions are raised regarding future civil-military convergence patterns as well as possible growing differences between ranks. </span></p> Helena Carreiras Fernando Bessa Patrícia Ávila Luís Malheiro Copyright (c) 2020 Sociologia, Problemas e Práticas 2020-03-10 2020-03-10 93 10.7458/SPP20209314043 “I’m tired of being a man”: peripheral paternity in Chilean mining work https://revistas.rcaap.pt/sociologiapp/article/view/12014 <p><span style="color: #1f1a17; font-family: &amp;quot; palatino linotype&amp;quot;,serif; font-size: 7.5pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: left; text-decoration: none; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px;"> In this article we analyzed the implications of being a father who works shifts in the mining industry. Through interviews we concluded that these men, like other Latin American workers, share the uneasiness between the masculinity / head of household model and the responsibilities of responding to social demands. It was observed that the traditional symbols of power and unquestionable patriarchal authority have been unattended to in the father-son relationship, causing fracturing of said paradigm. Changes that devalue and discredit the father figure in family dynamics are accentuated by the high demands of the mining work schedule. </span></p> Jimena Silva Paulina Salinas Copyright (c) 2018 Sociologia, Problemas e Práticas 2020-03-10 2020-03-10 93 10.7458/SPP20209312014 The employability of graduates: skills sought in job advertisements https://revistas.rcaap.pt/sociologiapp/article/view/12055 <p>This research examines job advertisements (n = 813) to identify the skills required to graduates in the hiring process. Foreign language, notably English, is highly demanded; it may be labeled as key skill. Other requirements point to technical knowledge, relational and organizational skills, and some personal traits. However, job requirements vary across field of education. Some advertisements report only the field of education without detailing skills. These job offers suggest the demand for technical skills specific to the graduation.</p> Ana Costa Laranjeiro Fatima Suleman Maria do Carmo Botelho Copyright (c) 2018 Sociologia, Problemas e Práticas 2020-03-10 2020-03-10 93 10.7458/SPP20209312055 Complementary and alternative medicines: a reflection on definitions, designations and social demarcations https://revistas.rcaap.pt/sociologiapp/article/view/14996 <p>“Complementary and alternative medicines” (CAMs) is one of the more common terms used to designate a range of medicines, therapies and therapeutic practices that both find themselves on the margins of so-called “conventional medicine” and are enjoying a growing social visibility in contemporary western societies. Based on a bibliographical review of the existing studies on this subject, the author responds to the need to delimit this field by offering a sociological reflection on the relevant social classifications. The article is organised along three lines: (i) definitions – what CAMs encompass; (ii) designations – the meanings of the terms; (iii) demarcations – the boundaries between these and other therapeutic practices.</p> Elsa Pegado Copyright (c) 2020 Sociologia, Problemas e Práticas 2020-03-10 2020-03-10 93 10.7458/SPP20209314996 The spread of telemedicine in Portugal: from the promised benefits to the risks of a two-speed healthcare system https://revistas.rcaap.pt/sociologiapp/article/view/12257 <p>This article’s primary goal is to analyse the policy for implementing telemedicine in the light of the possible repercussions its dissemination may have for both daily medical practice and, in more general terms, for the organisation of the Portuguese National Health Service (SNS). The authors base themselves on secondary data taken from regulations and reports published by the Ministry of Health and the European Commission, both specifically with regard to eHealth, and in relation to the broader subject of technological innovation in the health field. After assessing the main lines of the public strategy for promoting telemedicine, they highlight the desirability of a critical vision to accompany the spread of remote medical services, which is needed to avoid negative repercussions such as an increase in the trend towards the privatisation of health services and a worsening of inequalities, with the inherent danger of creating a “two-speed” healthcare system.</p> Carlo Botrugno Joana R. Zózimo Copyright (c) 2018 Sociologia, Problemas e Práticas 2020-03-10 2020-03-10 93 10.7458/SPP20209312257 Portuguese Ciganos: school and social change https://revistas.rcaap.pt/sociologiapp/article/view/13546 <p><span style="display: inline !important; float: none; background-color: #ffffff; color: #1f1a17; font-family: Palatino Linotype; font-size: 10.06px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: left; text-decoration: none; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px;">Compliance with compulsory schooling, school success and control of school drop-out are far from being achieved targets in Portugal for Portuguese Roma (Ciganos) children and youth. The importance of schooling is now clearer, from the point of view of the State, which regulates the access of all to the public education system, or from the families who recognize its importance as an essential resource for effective citizenship. In this article, from an ethnographic approach, on the one hand, the continuity of reproduction of social inequalities in relation to Ciganos will be evidenced, and, on the other hand, the ongoing processes of change that show that, in relation to the school, Ciganos experience challenges, facing changes from within and outside of school. </span></p> Maria Manuela Mendes Olga Magano Ana Rita Costa Copyright (c) 2018 Sociologia, Problemas e Práticas 2020-03-10 2020-03-10 93 10.7458/SPP20209313546