Sociologia, Problemas e Práticas https://revistas.rcaap.pt/sociologiapp <p><em>Sociologia, Problemas e Práticas</em> is a scientific journal whose main purpose is to publish sociological analysis articles resulting from original research, the development of theory, or thematic evaluation. It also accepts papers from other social science areas, where there is an interdisciplinary interest. It is directed towards an international audience, publishing articles in Portuguese, English Spanish and French, by authors from various countries. The journal's editorial stance is governed by principles of scientific quality, paradigmatic pluralism and social relevance. It aims to ensure that the articles published make a significant contribution to the advance of knowledge. Articles submitted for publication undergo a blind independent review by at least two recognised specialists drawn from a range of countries.The journal Sociologia, Problemas e Práticas was established in 1986, since when it has been published without interruption. 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both? https://revistas.rcaap.pt/sociologiapp/article/view/15753 <p>I review Donald Trump’s actions as president to evaluate the extent to which he differs from longstanding Republican Party policies. I find that except for trade and immigration he has furthered existing Republican desires in the fields of tax cuts, deregulation, weakening labor unions, and the appointment of rightwing judges. I then turn to the question of whether Trump is an authoritarian. I show that while his rhetoric is an escalation of previous Republican racial demagoguery, Trump benefits more than he adds to his party’s decades-long strategy of suppressing minority and young voters, vulgarizing political discourse and normalizing brazen lying by candidates and officials, obstructing Democratic officeholders, and allowing unlimited campaign spending by rich people and corporations. I conclude that Trump is now the head of an increasingly authoritarian political party rather than a self-generated strongman. This reduces the insights one can gain from comparisons with rulers like Hitler, Putin or Erdogan.</p> Richard Lachmann ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-11-27 2018-11-27 89 10.7458/SPP20198915753 "If only my mother had done for me what i’m doing for my daughter": the evolution of family participation in public schools in Spain https://revistas.rcaap.pt/sociologiapp/article/view/11740 <p>This paper presents results of a research on the role families play in the control, management and governance of free schools during the academic years 2009-2010 and 2010-2011, in several schools in the county of Granada (Spain). Following a qualitative methodology, based on twelve personal in-depth interviews and eight discussion groups, the discourses allow to conclude that the families of students enrolled in Spanish free schools are more involved than before but there is still a long way to go. The paper also analyses the causes that, according to our data, may be producing this lack of effective family involvement in free school in Spain.</p> David Issó Diego Becerril Mª Dolores Martín-Lagos Mar Venegas ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-11-27 2018-11-27 89 10.7458/SPP20198911740 Forming an elite or educating a people? Forty years of secondary education in a democracy https://revistas.rcaap.pt/sociologiapp/article/view/8702 <p>The main goal undertaken in this paper is to contribute to understand one of the facets of secondary education in Portugal: its slow democratization, expressed through the real rates of enrolment and completion. Certain relationships between that process of democratization and public education policies, that shaped the rhythm, the profile and the results of this dynamic, are discussed with the support of statistical data and specialized research on the theme. The study here presented identifies three stages in six time moments and different projects, since secondary education was the privilege of a small fraction (8.1%) of young people in 1974/75 to the democratization push in the past decade and, in recent years, the institutional combination of universality (74.3% of young people in 2013/14) with the fabrication of pronounced inequalities in secondary education and training system.</p> Fátima Antunes ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-11-26 2018-11-26 89 10.7458/SPP2019898702 Codes of ethics role in the administration of the Portuguese health sector: the leaders vision https://revistas.rcaap.pt/sociologiapp/article/view/9399 <p>Changes and reforms in public administration and, in particular, in health administration, created a number of challenges for leaders, which include the creation and implementation of codes of ethics, a factor that generates tensions within institutions. This article describes the vision on the subject of ethics management, held by senior managers in the public health sector in Portugal. The research was conducted in late 2015 and included in-depth interviews with 11 leaders as well as the analysis of the legal framework of this subject. Content analysis techniques were used to study the collected narratives. The views expressed by the leaders highlight four topics relating to codes of ethics: their importance in health institutions; their preparation and review; their dissemination and knowledge; and their role in the organizational environment.</p> Pedro Miguel Alves Ribeiro Correia Ivone Carla de Matos e Dias Ferreira João Abreu de Faria Bilhim ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-11-27 2018-11-27 89 10.7458/SPP2019899399 Investigating social inequalities in health in Portugal: brief overview based on a review of the literature https://revistas.rcaap.pt/sociologiapp/article/view/9489 <p>The overall increasing of average life expectancy and the improvement of health indicators on the world’s population does not reflect a social health inequalities decrease, on national and international contexts. In this article we sought to identify and review the Portuguese most representative studies of the last four decades on social health inequalities, based on indicators of socioeconomic position. It also presents some considerations about the crucial consolidation of this research field.</p> Sara Luísa Leite Conceição ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-11-27 2018-11-27 89 10.7458/SPP2019899489 Sex workers and collective action: initiatives in the Portuguese context https://revistas.rcaap.pt/sociologiapp/article/view/8973 <p>The sex workers’ rights movement is very significant at international level. In this paper, we present a reflection about the current (im)possibility of collective action, in Portugal. Firstly, we contextualize the emergence of the worldwide movement and attempts of collective action, in Portugal. Secondly, we describe the difficulties encountered in a participatory action research in transforming subjectivities to collective action. We conclude that despite some collective action efforts, the mobilization of resources is still needed for an organized movement’s consolidation.</p> Marta Graça ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-11-26 2018-11-26 89 10.7458/SPP2019898973 Sex life under fire: impacts of working life on the construction of the sexual experience https://revistas.rcaap.pt/sociologiapp/article/view/9958 <p>How is the sexual life of the Portuguese affected by their professional life? This article addresses this question drawing on 35 sexual biographies, collected during a wider research about sexuality in Portuguese society. Drawing on the concept of <em>sexual</em> <em>experience </em>and <em>social proofs</em>, the article tries to understand how individuals articulate their experiences in these two spheres of personal life (professional and sexual), building their sexual experience from three different logics of action: integration, strategy and subjectivation. Results highlight the diversity of modalities in the construction of experience, visible in three platforms: the relations between the professional agenda and the sexual agenda; the management of information regarding experiences beyond the heteronorm; and the impacts of geographical mobility, due to professional reasons, on sexual life. The sexual subject is thus constructed in the tension between how individuals adhere to social roles (family, professional and sexual); how they manage their resources, opportunities and strategies in these spheres of life; and the way they distance themselves reflexively from the latter, conquering for themselves an emancipatory space of identity.</p> Verónica Policarpo ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-11-29 2018-11-29 89 10.7458/SPP2019899958 Review: Moda e Feminismos em Portugal. O Género Como Espartilho [Cristina Duarte, 2017, Lisboa, Temas e Debates – Círculo de Leitores] https://revistas.rcaap.pt/sociologiapp/article/view/14771 <p>-</p> Carla Cerqueira ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-11-29 2018-11-29 89 10.7458/SPP20198914771