IMPLICATIONS OF MOUTH BREATHING AND ATYPICAL SWALLOWING IN BODY POSTURE

Veronique Sousa, Maria Paço, Teresa Pinho

Abstract


Introduction: The stomatognathic system is a set of structures that are interconnected to perform vital functions. Changes in any of the parts may lead to a general postural imbalance.

Purpose: To verify if there is a relation between breathing pattern and swallowing with posture, dental occlusion and harmful oral habits of the sample under study.

Materials and methods: The final sample of n=50 consisted of 34 children/ adolescents males and 16 females. The evaluation consisted of a questionnaire about signs and symptoms of mouth breathing, a clinical evaluation and a photogrammetric postural assessment, performed through software for Postural Assessment (SAPO®). Data analysis using descriptive and inferential statistics were obtained using the SPSS-21.0 software, and it was used a α=0.05 significance level.

Results: There was a predominance of head tilt to the left, right shoulder elevation and tendency to tilt the head forward in mouth breathers. Regarding the occlusion there was a predominance of Angle Class II malocclusion and the presence of a greater number of children with open bite that also presented oral breathing and atypical swallowing patterns. The study of the deleterious oral habits allowed to determine a relationship between the pattern of mouth breathing and atypical swallowing with digital sucking habits and pacifier use.

Conclusion: Statistically significant associations were established between the breathing pattern and the horizontal alignment of acromions, as well as the horizontal and vertical alignment of the head; between the pattern of breathing and swallowing with occlusal relationship anteroposterior and occlusal relationship vertical and also between breathing pattern and swallowing with digital sucking habits and pacifier use.


Keywords


Atypical swallowing; functional alterations; malocclusion; mouth breathing; oral habits; posture; stomatognathic system

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