Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita affecting a monochorionic diamniotic twin pregnancy
Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita is a clinically and etiologically heterogeneous group of diseases characterized by presence of contractures involving at least two different body areas. It is observed in one in every 3000−5000 live births. A case of singleton arthrogryposis in a spontaneous monochorionic diamniotic twin pregnancy is reported. Diagnosis was established after morphological ultrasound. There were no further complications during pregnancy. After cesarean delivery, diagnosis of amyoplasia involving the four limbs was confirmed. Newborn is currently undergoing motor rehabilitation. The higher risk of singleton arthrogryposis in monochorionic twin pregnancies is documented and appears to be related with vascular changes early in the course of pregnancy. In amyoplasia, some degree of disability and dependency is expected, even with postnatal rehabilitation.
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