The archives of Lina Bo Bardi, Ray Eames, and Marianne Gast

Choral Silences and Polynomial Records



records, phantasmagoria, Lina Bo Bardi, Marianne Gast, Ray Eames, archive


An architectural classification archive maintains an aura of objectivity and a scientific and critical spirit; it contains written, graphic or photographic items, films, and sound archives. Its collection is formed thanks to the searches for information carried out by researchers and professors over the years. It is a protected space for plans, photos, and papers, so important for the generation of knowledge.

For us, as architects dedicated to research, to immerse ourselves in an archive is to have a conversation with the person being studied. To review these creators is to dialogue, learn and discuss with them among their drawings, prototypes, models, photographs, and projects. And as teachers, to cast light and place value on these references is to give new generations alternative models that reflect the diversity of today's world and help them think about their future.

In this article we approach the archives of three authors investigating how they were formed and structured. The comparative diachronic analysis allows us to understand their divergence from the modern canon, when they faced their professional projects, and the current interpretation and enhancement of their work.

The archives of Lina Bo Bardi, Marianne Gast and Ray Eames constitute a very rich universe of polynomial projects. Their choral dimension and creative silences need to be uncovered: we can rewrite a plural narrative that does not reproduce the imbalances that silenced them in the narrative construction of architectural modernity.


Bo Bardi, L. (1990). Uma aula de arquitectura. Revista Projeto, 133, 59–62.

Bo Bardi, L. (1950). Amazonas: o povo arquiteto. Habitat, 1.

Boullosa, N. (2012). Charles y Ray Eames, inspiradores de los nuevos artesanos.

Cuahonte, L. (2014). Marianne Goeritz fotógrafa. Artes de México, 115, 44–53.

Demetrios, E. (1990). 901: After 45 Years of Working [Video]. Eames Office, YouTube.

Gast, M. (1959). Reflexiones en torno a la fotografía. Arquitectura México, XXI tomo XV, 68, 251–252.

Goeritz, M. (1959). Marianne. Arquitectura México, año XXI tomo XV, 68, 246.

Ibach, M. (2018). The Work of Charles and Ray Eames. The Library of Congress.

Lafuente, J. M. (Ed). (2018). Marianne Gast (1910-1958) en el Archivo Lafuente, Santander: Ediciones La Bahía.

Lima, W. Jr. (1972). Arquitetura. A Transformação do Espaço, [Video]. Globo Shell Especial. Youtube.

Méndez-Gallardo, M. (2014). La obsesión por el arte. Artes de México, 115, 10–25.

Neuhart, J., Neuhart, M., y Eames, R. (1989). Eames design. The Work of the Office of Charles and Ray Eames. London: Thames and Hudson.

Tendori, F. (1990). O Primeiro MASP, com Assis Chateaubriand (1947-1968). O lançamento europeu e mundial do museu de São Paulo. P. M. Bardi, Instituto Lina Bo e P. M. Bardi, São Paulo.

Quesada López, F. (2016). La Realidad de la Ficción. El Eco de Mathias Goeritz. Cuaderno de Proyectos Arquitectónicos, 6, 102–111.

Rodríguez, I. (2015). Lo mexicano en la obra de Mathias Goeritz. Artes de México, 116, 8–23.

Sanchez Llorens, M., y Garrido López, F. (2018). Ray Eames y Lina Bo Bardi. El viaje como laboratorio. Madrid: Asimétricas.

Vargas Reyes, C. (2020). Marianne Gast: entre el terremoto y otros infortunios. Revista Arbitrada de Artes Visuales Tercera, julio/diciembre, 46, Discurso Visual, 83–91.