Definition and characterization of muskoloskeletal pain and associated diseases


  • Marco António Fernandes Paediatric Rheumatology Unit, Centro Hospitalar Universitário de Coimbra
  • Inês de Melo Paediatric Rheumatology Unit, Centro Hospitalar Universitário de Coimbra
  • Flávio Campos Costa Department of Rheumatology, Centro Hospitalar Universitário de Coimbra
  • Manuel Salgado Paediatric Rheumatology Unit, Centro Hospitalar Universitário de Coimbra



acute, arthralgia, arthritis, chronic, definitions, musculoskeletal pain, polyarthritis, semiology, subacute


Musculoskeletal pain is a frequent reason for seeking health care at any age, including pediatric. Semiological accuracy, with a careful anamnesis plus a systematic and detailed physical examination, is mandatory. Only the use of an accurate and standardized language will allow correct communication so as not to incur ambiguities of definition and interpretation and consequent omissions or overvaluations of clinical manifestations, culminating in diagnostic errors.
This manuscript intends to gather and define the multiple concepts of musculoskeletal pain with the aim of standardizing and clarifying medical terminology. Taking into account general concepts, time progression, and location of musculoskeletal pain, the authors gathered 85 concepts, mostly of painful manifestations, that are described in a succinct and practical way


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How to Cite

Fernandes MA, de Melo I, Costa FC, Salgado M. Definition and characterization of muskoloskeletal pain and associated diseases. REVNEC [Internet]. 2019Dec.16 [cited 2023Dec.2];28(4):203-15. Available from:



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