A remarkable case of pleural effusion


  • Ana Castelbranco-Silva Department of Pediatrics, Hospital Garcia de Orta https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9560-7635
  • Filipa A. Ferreira Department of Pediatrics, Hospital de Santa Maria, Centro Hospitalar de Lisboa Norte https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2067-4988
  • Paulo Calhau Department of Pediatrics, Hospital Garcia de Orta




dyspnea, pleural effusion, pulmonary atelectasis, tuberculosis


Tuberculosis is rare in pediatric age but remains an issue in populations with risk factors. A new pediatric diagnosis frequently reflects a recent infection in the community. Herein is reported the case of an adolescent with prolonged but well-tolerated dyspnea, anorexia, fever, and night sweats, whose radiograph showed a massive pleural effusion. Pleural fluid analysis was compatible with pleural TB, and pleural biopsy confirmed the diagnosis. Pleural fluid polymerase chain reaction was later positive for Mycobacterium tuberculosis, and interferon-gamma release assay was also positive.


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How to Cite

Castelbranco-Silva A, Ferreira FA, Calhau P. A remarkable case of pleural effusion. REVNEC [Internet]. 2022Jun.30 [cited 2023Dec.3];31(2):175-7. Available from: https://revistas.rcaap.pt/nascercrescer/article/view/23700



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