Safe sleep environment in first year of life
Background: Most of anticipatory care to promoting a safe sleep environment is related to the prevention of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome. Nowadays, it is unknown if the recommended preventive measures are followed by parents.
Objectives: Characterize maternal behaviours to promoting of a safe sleep environment during the first year of life.
Material and Methods: An observational, descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted with a convenience sample consisting of mothers whose children have ! 12 months, with medical appointment between 01.09.2012 and 30.12.2012. Data were collected using an anonymous selffulfilment questionnaire realized by the mothers and then it was performed a descriptive statistical analysis.
Results: 89 questionnaires were validated; 38.2% of the inquired mothers prefer the recommended supine position for placing their infant for sleep; 75.0% from the 58.4% that elect side positioning did so because they believed to be the safest position; 89.9% of infants slept in the same room as their parents; 68.5% of the inquired mothers said they had fallen asleep with the child in his bed at least once and the major reasons for bed sharing were: to calm a fussy infant (60.7%) and / or facilitate breastfeeding (31.1%).
Discussion/Conclusion: Despite study limitations, there was evidence of low compliance to the current recommendations related to promoting a safe sleep environment. Therefore, it is important that health professionals ensure that parents understand the risks and benefits of their practices.
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