Perspectiva Histórica dos Cuidados de Enfermagem ao Doente Mental

  • Loide Ferreira Serviço de Psiquiatria; Hospital São Francisco Xavier
  • Patrícia Firmino Serviço de Psiquiatria; Hospital São Francisco Xavier
  • Pedro Florido Serviço de Psiquiatria; Hospital São Francisco Xavier
  • David Gamanho Serviço de Psiquiatria; Hospital São Francisco Xavier
  • Luísa Jorge Serviço de Psiquiatria; Hospital São Francisco Xavier
Palavras-chave: mental health, psychiatry, nursing care, nursing education

Resumo

The concept of caring in nursing has changed throughout the years. Nursing has developed to meet the needs of the population and to adapt at the same time to scientific knowledge, which has taken another dimension, and technical demand. Every field in nursing gains new formas as it evolves, namely the mental health and psychiatric fields. We start by describing the dominant beliefs of society in the past regarding mental health. We will then talk about mental patients in Portugal from the 16th Century on (1539-1850) and how they were cared for, underlining the first psychiatric institution - Rilhafoles Hospital. We will elaborate on the more common treatments in psychiatry, the purposes they served and how the nursing staff intervened in their application. Finally, we will put the evolution of nursing care to the mental patients into perspective, from the begining of the 20th century, as well as the development of nursing schools in the field of mental and psychiatric health.
Publicado
2006-06-01
Secção
Artigos de Revisão