Hegemons, empires, and their elites
AbstractI compare ancient with modern empires and show why hegemony beyond the militaryrealm is possible only in the modern capitalist world. I examine Germany, Spain and France, whichfailed to achieve hegemony, along with the three successive hegemons: the Netherlands, Britain,and the United States. I identify the elites that were created and strengthened by their homepolity’s empire or hegemony, and enumerate the factors that allowed some colonial elites to achievehigh levels of autonomy. Colonial elite autonomy or high levels of elite unity in the metropoleprevented or undermined hegemony.
Authors who publish in this Journal must agree the following terms and conditions:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the Journal the right to first publication, while simultaneously agreeing to a Creative Commons Attribution License, which allows others to share their work on condition that they cite the original author(s) and recognise that the latter’s work was first published in this Journal.
- Authors are authorised to enter into additional contracts separately, for non-exclusive distribution of the version of the work that is published in this Journal (e.g. publication in an institutional repository or as a book chapter), subject to recognition of initial publication in this Journal.