City, culture and urbanism

learning from Asuncion

Authors

Keywords:

master plan, community participation, collaboration, public policies, Asuncion

Abstract

This article examines the formulation, implementation, and reasons for suspending the Master Plan of the Historic Centre of Asuncion (PlanCHA), Paraguay. Instead of a traditional master plan, the winner proposal of the international competition organized by the country's National Government in 2014 is a master process composed of dozens of top-down and bottom-up participatory actions, articulated by ten initial strategies. The research carried out on PlanCHA is part of investigations ongoing at Nomads.usp, the Center for Interactive Living Studies of the Institute of Architecture and Urbanism, University of Sao Paulo, Brazil, on participatory decision-making processes in the context of urban interventions in several cities around the world. As in the case of Asuncion, we prioritize urban intervention plans that, in addition to face-to-face actions, include digital participation platforms. The research on PlanCHA aimed to understand the issues involved in the implementation of an action plan that included and depended totally on the participation of public managers, politicians, non-governmental organizations, universities, real estate agents, and traders for its success, in a capital city whose population has virtually no experience of participation in public decision-making processes. Finally, the article lists some hypotheses for the Plan's interruption, categorized for administrative, political, and socio-economic reasons. We interviewed the winning office team in Madrid and the partner team of Paraguayan architects who implemented the project locally. In Asuncion, we also met historians, members and former members of the National and Local governments, real estate agents, community representatives, cultural producers, residents, and academic researchers. We made several technical visits to the Asuncion Historic Centre and studied historical, urban, demographic, academic, and journalistic documents.

References

Asuncion (2017). ASU Viva, Asuncion: Municipality of Asuncion. https://bit.ly/2P6pVF4.

Asuncion (2016). Plan de Manejo Reserva Biológica Banco San Miguel Y Bahía de Asunción. Asuncion: Municipality of Asuncion. https://bit.ly/2lJxVyg.

Castells, M. (2013). Redes de indignação e esperança: movimentos sociais na era da Internet. Translated from Spanish by Carlos Alberto Medeiros. Rio de Janeiro: Zahar.

Causarano, M. (2012). Cambios del Carácter Público y la Centralidad del Centro Histórico. In Flores, A. R. (Coord.), Paraguay: Una Perspectiva. Las Centralidades Actuales y las Posibles (pp. 79-95). Quito: Olacchi. https://issuu.com/patrimoniobogota/docs/centralidades_paraguay_e-book.

CIA. (2018). CIA World Factbook 2018. [Online] https://bit.ly/1wcXOVZ.

Cristaldo, J. C., Britez, G. (2018). Being on the map: survey and participatory characterization in Chacarita Alta. Translated from Spanish by Marcelo Tramontano. V!RUS Journal, n. 16 [online]. http://www.nomads.usp.br/virus/virus16/?sec=5&item=88&lang=en.

DGEEC (2016). Principales resultados de pobreza y distribución del ingreso. EPH 2016. Asuncion: DGEEC. https://bit.ly/2Iz1tb2.

DGEEC (2012). Atlas Demográfico del Paraguay, 2012. Asuncion: DGEEC. https://bit.ly/2lzyhaF.

DGEEC (2014). Informe del Censo Poblacional del Bañado Norte. Asuncion: DGEEC.

Diguet, C. (2018). L’urbanisme transitoire: optimisation foncière ou fabrique urbaine partagée? Paris: IAU-IDF. https://bit.ly/2lytvtY.

Fernández, B. (2015). Paraguay: Un país en una lengua misteriosa y singular. Harvard Review of Latin America, Territory Guarani (Spring 2015) [online]. https://bit.ly/2ySq4I7

Fernández, L. S., Sánchez-Barba, M. (ed.) (1989). Historia general de España y América. Volume 15, Tomo XV. Madrid: Rialp. https://bit.ly/2IACiVs.

Galeano, E. (1971). Las Venas Abiertas de América Latina. Montevideo: Monthly Review.

ICES (2014). Área Metropolitana de Asunción Sostenible: Plan de acción. Asuncion: ICES/BID. https://bit.ly/2KnMJ3z.

IMF (2017). World Economic Outlook Database 2017 [online]. https://bit.ly/2hF0zSV.

Jacobs, J. (1961). The Death and Life of Great American Cities. New York/Toronto: Vintage Books.

Masi, J. R. (2011). Un repaso de la arquitectura en 200 años de historia. Paraguay.com, [online]. https://bit.ly/2KqYlD3.

Morin, E. (2005). Introduction à la Pensée Complexe [1990]. Paris: Seuil.

Paraguay (2017). Encuesta sobre acceso y uso de Internet en Paraguay. Asuncion: Senatics. https://bit.ly/2J6rUsE.

PlanCHA (2015a). Plan CHA: Plan Maestro de Revitalización del Centro Histórico. Síntesis del Resumen Ejecutivo del Documento del Plan. Asuncion: SNC. http://plancha.gov.py/sinopsis-del-plan-cha-2/.

PlanCHA (2014a). Asunción Laboratório Abierto. Tomo 1: Documentación, diagnóstico, objetivos y referencias. Asuncion: PlanCHA. http://plancha.gov.py/texto-completo-del-plan/tomo-1/.

PlanCHA (2014b). Asunción Laboratório Abierto. Tomo 3: Participación ciudadana entorno al PlanCHA. Asuncion: PlanCHA. http://plancha.gov.py/texto-completo-del-plan/tomo-3/.

PlanCHA (2014c). Asunción Laboratório Abierto. Tomo 2: Visión urbana de futuro: 10 estrategias institucionales y proyectos piloto. Asuncion: PlanCHA. http://plancha.gov.py/texto-completo-del-plan/tomo-2/.

PlanCHA (2015b). Project website. [online] http://plancha.gov.py/plan-cha/.

Rubiani, J., Tramontano, M. (2018). Urban memories, planning futures. Translated from Spanish by Marcelo Tramontano. V!RUS Journal, n. 16, 2018. [online]. https://bit.ly/2N9WwbY.

UNDP (2013). The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Human Development Report 2013. New York: UNDP. https://bit.ly/1jtTjS6.

Downloads

Published

2021-04-12