Physical fitness of amateur paddle players: comparisons between different competitive levels

  • Camila Borges Müller Federal University of Pelotas
  • Fabricio Boscolo Del Vecchio Federal University of Pelotas

Abstract

Padel is widely practiced racket sport, although there is scanty data comparing competitive levels and differences between the sexes. Physical fitness of padel players was compared, according to sex and level. The research involved 35 people (age = 29.6 ± 2.9 years, practice = 6.8 ± 4.9 years), 13 of the first, 15 of the second and 7 of the third category. Aerobic power (PAM) with Yo-YoIR1, agility with handball agility specific test (HAST), muscular power with vertical jump and 3kg medicineball throw, and handgrip endurance strength (HES) with dynamometer were measured. The variables PAM, HAST, vertical jump, throttle and FIPM were significantly different between genders. In addition, in the male category, players in the upper category had lower heart rate scores after Yo-YoIR1 as well as distance traveled, throttle and FIPM maximum, while in females the superior category was better in the variables distance traveled in Yo-YoIR1 and vertical jump. On the other hand, in both sexes, players of superior categories presented greater time of practice. Amateur padel players with a higher competitive level do not present higher physical fitness, but present longer practice time.

References

Amieba, C., & Salinero, J.J. (2013). Aspectos generales de la competición em pádel y sus demandas fisiológicas. AGON International Journal of Sport Science, 3(2): 60-67.

Bangsbo, J., Iaia, F.M., & Krustrup, P. (2008). The yo-yo intermittent recovery test: a useful tool for evaluation of physical performance in intermittent sports. Sports Medicine, 38: 37-51.

Bonitch‐Góngora, J.G., & Almeida, F. (2014). La fuerza isométrica del agarre em judô. Revista de Artes Marciales Asiáticas, 9: 9-19.

Bonitch-Góngora, J.G., Almeida, F., Padial, P., Bonitch-Domínguez, J.G., & Feriche B. (2013). Maximal isometric handgrip strength and endurance differences between elite and non-elite young judo athletes. Archives of Budo, 4: 239-248.

Campos, F.A.D., Daros, L.B., Mastrascusa, V., Dourado, A.C., & Stanganelli, L.C.R. (2009). Anthopometric profile and motor performance of junior badminton players. Brazilian Journal of Biomotricity, 3: 146-151.

Castillo-Rodríguez, A. (2011). Evaluación fisiológica através del método de entrenamiento integral em deportistas de pádel de 2ª categoria. Comunicación Del Congreso Internacional em Ciencias de La Actividad Física y del Deporte: Investigación, desarrollo e innovación, UPV-EHU.

Castillo-Rodríguez, A., Hernández-Mendo, A., & Alvero-Cruz, J.R. (2014). Morfología del jugador de élite de pádel - Comparación con otros deportes de raqueta. International Journal of Morphology, 32(1), 177-182.

Durigan, J.Z., Dourado, A.C., & Stanganelli, L.C.R. (2013). Características antropométricas e de desempenho motor de atletas da seleção brasileira de badminton. Revista Brasileira de Prescrição & Fisiologia do Exercício, 7: 161-166.

Fuente, F.P., Zagalaz, J.C., Benedí, D.O., Hijós, A.Q., Castellar, S.A.I., & Otín, C.C. (2014). Análisis antropométrico, fisiológico y temporal em jugadoras de pádel de elite. Retos, 25: 107-112.

García, A., Bartolomé, I., Díaz, J., Muñoz, J., & Muñoz, D. (2014). Análisis de variables temporales en pádel y surelación com otras variables contextuales. Facultad de Ciencias del Deporte, Universidad de Extremadura. Available in: padelscience.com, number 13.

Girard, O., Micallef, J.P., & Millet, G.P. (2005). Lower-Limb activity during the power serve in tennis: effects of performance level. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 37: 1021-1029.

Groppel, J.L., & Roetert, E.P. (1992). Applied physiology of tennis. Sports Medicine, 14(4): 260-268.

Hermassi, S., Aouadi, R., Khalifa, R., Tillaar, R.V.D., Shephard, R.J., Chelly, M.S. (2014). Relationships between the yo-yo intermittent recovery test and anaerobic performance tests in adolescent handball players. Journal of Human Kinetics, 42: 197-205.

Hoyo, M., Sañudo, B., & Carrasco, L. (2007). Demandas fisiológicas de la competición em pádel. Revista Internacional de Ciencias del Deporte, 3(8): 53-58.

Iacono, A.D., Eliakim, A., & Meckel, Y. (2015). Improving fitness of elite handball players: small-sided games vs. high-intensity intermittent training. Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 29(3): 835-843.

Kovacs, M.S. (2007). Tennis physiology: Training the competitive athlete. Sports Medicine, 37: 189-198.

Krustrup, P., Mohr, M., Amstrup, T., Rysgaard, T., Johansen, J., Steensberg, A., … Bangsbo J. (2003). The yo-yo intermittent recovery test: physiological response, reliability, and validity. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 35(4): 697-705.

Markovic, G., Dizdar, D., Jukic, I. & Cardinale, M. (2004). Reliability and factorial validity of squat and countermovement jump tests. Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 18: 551-555.

Martinez-Rodriguez, A., Collado, E.R., & Vicente-Salar, N. (2015). Body composition assessment of paddle and tennis adult male players. Nutricion Hospitalaria, 31: 1294-1301.Novas, A.M.P., Rowbottom, D.G., & Jenkins, D.G. (2003). A practical method of estimating energy expenditure during tennis play. Journal of Science & Medicine in Sport, 6: 40-50.

Nes, B.M., Janszky, I., Wisloff, U., Stoylen, A., & Karlsen, T. (2013). Age-predicted maximal heart rate in healthy subjects: The HUNT fitness study. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 23(6): 697-704.

Ooi, C.H. et al. (2009). Physiological characteristics of elite and sub-elite badminton players. Journal of Sports & Science, 27: 1591-1599.

Picanço, L.M., Silva, J.J.R., & Del Vecchio, F.B. (2012). Relação entre força e agilidade avaliadas em jogadores de futsal. Revista Brasileira de Futsal e Futebol, 4: 77-86.

Priego Quesada, J.I., Olaso Melis, J., Llana Belloch, S., Pérez Soriano, P., González García, J.C., & Sanchís Almenara, M. (2013). Padel: a quantitative study of the shots and movements in the high-performance. Journal of Human Sport & Exercise, 8(4): 925-931.

Sánchez-Alcaraz, B. (2014). Análisis de la exigencia competitiva del pádel en jóvenes jugadores. Kronos, 13(1), available in: http://g-se.com/es/journals/kronos/articulos/analisis-de-la-exigencia-competitiva-del-padel-en-jovenes-jugadores-1707 [2015 mai 20].

Sánchez-Alcaraz, B. (2014). Diferencias em las acciones de juego y la estructura temporal en el pádel masculino y femenino de competición. Acción Motriz, 12(1): 17-22.

Sánchez-Alcaraz, B.J., & Sánchez-Pay, A. (2010). Medición de la condición física del jugador de pádel a través de tests. Trances, 6: 45-62.

Shim, J., Carlton, L.G., Chow, J.W., & Chae, W.S. (2005). The use of anticipatory visual cues by highly skilled tennis players. Journal of Motor Behavior, 37: 164-175.

Signorile, J.F., Sandler, D.J., Smith, W.N., Stoutenberg, M., & Perry, A.C. (2005). Correlation analyses and regression modeling between isokinetic testing and on-court performance in competitive adolescent tennis players. Jounal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 19: 519-526.

Silva, C.D., Natali, A.J., Lima, J.R.P., Bara Filho, M.G., Garcia, E.S., & Marins, J.C.B. (2011). Yo-Yo IR2 test e teste de margaria: validade, confiabilidade e obtenção da frequência cardíaca máxima em jogadores jovens de futebol. Revista Brasileira de Medicina do Esporte, 17: 344-349.

Silva, F.F., Penido, C.A., Junior, V.L., Souza, R.A., & Villaverde, A.B. (2014). Correlação entre a dinamometria e teste funcional em atletas de handebol. Revista Brasileira de Medicina do Esporte, 20(3): 172-175.

Zanchet, M.A., & Del Vecchio, F.B. (2013). Efeito da kinesiotaping sobre força máxima e resistência de força em padelistas. Fisioterapia e Movimento, 26: 115-121.

Published
2018-12-10
Section
Original Article