Blood Pressure Responses in Isokinetic Dynamometry Test in Elderly Community Women: An Exploratory Study
AbstractThe aim of the study was to verify the systolic, diastolic and mean arterial pressure response in elderly women during isokinetic test. The study included 54 females (68.8 ± 5.9 years) divided into two age groups (Group 1: 60 to 70 and group 2: above 71 years). BP was measured before and immediately after the isokinetic knee extension / flexion test in the concentric-concentric mode. After the test, significant elevations were observed in relation to the pre-test in SBP (G1: Δ% = 29.7%, G2: Δ% = 20.6%, p <.01, respectively) and in MAP (G1: Δ% = 7.6 %, G2: Δ% = 8.4%, p <.01, respectively). The use of isokinetic tests produces elevations in systolic blood pressure and mean arterial pressure in elderly women. Increases occur independently of the age group studied. However, the increases detected do not appear to be of sufficient magnitude to constitute a health hazard whereby isokinetic tests can be safely applied in this population.
Câmara, L. C., Ritti-Dias, R. M., Forjaz, C. L. de M., Greve, J. M., Santarém, J. M., Jacob-Filho, W., … Wolosker, N. (2010). Respostas cardiovasculares durante avaliação muscular isocinética em claudicantes. Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia, 95(5), 571–576. http://doi.org/10.1590/S0066-782X2010005000147
de Amorim Aquino, M., & Leme, L. E. G. (2006). Isokinetic dynamometry in elderly women undergoing total knee arthroplasty: a comparative study. Clinics (Sao Paulo, Brazil), 61(3), 215–22. http://doi.org//S1807-59322006000300006
Featherstone, J. F., Holly, R. G., & Amsterdam, E. A. (1993). Physiologic responses to weight lifting in coronary artery disease. The American Journal of Cardiology, 71(4), 287–92. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8427169
Haraldstad, K., Rohde, G., Stea, T. H., Lohne-Seiler, H., Hetlelid, K., Paulsen, G., & Berntsen, S. (2017). Changes in health-related quality of life in elderly men after 12 weeks of strength training. European Review of Aging and Physical Activity, 14(1), 8. http://doi.org/10.1186/s11556-017-0177-3
Iellamo, F., Legramante, J. M., Raimondi, G., Castrucci, F., Damiani, C., Foti, C., … Caruso, I. (1997). Effects of isokinetic, isotonic and isometric submaximal exercise on heart rate and blood pressure. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 75(2), 89–96. http://doi.org/10.1007/s004210050131
Levinger, I., Goodman, C., Hare, D. L., Jerums, G., Toia, D., & Selig, S. (2009). The reliability of the 1RM strength test for untrained middle-aged individuals. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 12(2), 310–6. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2007.10.007
Malachias, M., Souza, W., Plavnik, F., Rodrigues, C., Brandão, A., Neves, M., … Moreno Júnior, H. (2016). Capítulo 1 - Conceituação, Epidemiologia e Prevenção Primária. Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia, 107(3), 1–6. http://doi.org/10.5935/abc.20160151
Okamoto, T., Masuhara, M., & Ikuta, K. (2006). Cardiovascular responses induced during high-intensity eccentric and concentric isokinetic muscle contraction in healthy young adults. Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging, 26(1), 39–44. http://doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-097X.2005.00651.x
Reichert, T., Kanitz, A. C., Delevatti, R. S., Bagatini, N. C., Barroso, B. M., & Kruel, L. F. M. (2016). Continuous and interval training programs using deep water running improves functional fitness and blood pressure in the older adults. Age (Dordrecht, Netherlands), 38(1), 20. http://doi.org/10.1007/s11357-016-9882-5
Walston, J. D. (2012). Sarcopenia in older adults. Current Opinion in Rheumatology, 24(6), 623–627. http://doi.org/10.1097/BOR.0b013e328358d59b
The authors of submitted manuscripts must transfer the full copyright to Journal Motricidade / Desafio Singular Editions. Granting copyright permission allows the publication and dissemination of the article in printed or electronic formats and copyrights start at the moment the manuscript is accepted for publication. It also allows Journal Motricidade to use and commercialize the article in terms of licensing, lending or selling its content to indexation/abstracts databases and other entities.
According to the terms of the Creative Commons licence, authors may reproduce a reasonable number of copies for personal or professional purpose but without any economic gains. SHERPA/RoMEO allows authors to post a final digital copy (post-printing version) of the article in their websites or on their institutions' scientific repository.