Blood Pressure Responses in Isokinetic Dynamometry Test in Elderly Community Women: An Exploratory Study

  • Rubens Vinícius Letieri Physical Education Department, Federal University of Tocantins (UFT); PhD Student in Sport Sciences at Faculty of Sport Science and Physical Education, University of Coimbra. http://orcid.org/0000-0003-4520-6339
  • Guilherme Eustáquio Furtado Research Unit for Sport and Physical Activity - CIDAF (UID/PTD/04213/2016) at Faculty of Sport Science and Physical Education, University of Coimbra
  • Taís Rieping Laboratory of Sport and Exercise Psychology at Faculty of Sport Science and Physical Education, University Coimbra
  • Mayrhon José Abrantes Farias Physical Education Department, Federal University of Tocantins (UFT) http://orcid.org/0000-0002-1641-1950
  • Ana Maria Miranda Botelho Teixeira Research Unit for Sport and Physical Activity - CIDAF (UID/PTD/04213/2016) at Faculty of Sport Science and Physical Education, University of Coimbra

Abstract

The aim of the study was to verify the systolic, diastolic and mean arterial pressure response in elderly women during isokinetic test. The study included 54 females (68.8 ± 5.9 years) divided into two age groups (Group 1: 60 to 70 and group 2: above 71 years). BP was measured before and immediately after the isokinetic knee extension / flexion test in the concentric-concentric mode. After the test, significant elevations were observed in relation to the pre-test in SBP (G1: Δ% = 29.7%, G2: Δ% = 20.6%, p <.01, respectively) and in MAP (G1: Δ% = 7.6 %, G2: Δ% = 8.4%, p <.01, respectively). The use of isokinetic tests produces elevations in systolic blood pressure and mean arterial pressure in elderly women. Increases occur independently of the age group studied. However, the increases detected do not appear to be of sufficient magnitude to constitute a health hazard whereby isokinetic tests can be safely applied in this population.

Author Biography

Rubens Vinícius Letieri, Physical Education Department, Federal University of Tocantins (UFT); PhD Student in Sport Sciences at Faculty of Sport Science and Physical Education, University of Coimbra.
Departamento de Educação Física

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Published
2018-12-10
Section
Original Article