Evaluation of balance and muscle strength in patients submitted to total hip arthroplasty: systematic review
Total hip arthroplasty, an orthopedic surgical procedure often performed by hip joint wear, can lead to pain, disability, proprioceptive disorders, a deficit in balance, and muscle strength. Thus, a systematic review study was carried out to verify if patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty had altered muscle strength and balance. Searches were carried out in the following databases: Lilacs, Pedro, and Pubmed, as well as in the online Scielo library and the CAPES portal from August 2017 to June 2018. Studies carried out on a population over 18 years of age who underwent total hip arthroplasty surgery. The search initially provided 595 articles, of which 15 were selected for complete reading, of which only seven were included. The studies evidenced alterations of decrease of muscular strength and deficits in the balance, resulting in worsening of the individual's functional capacity. Thus, it is concluded that patients who underwent total hip arthroplasty surgery have alterations in balance and mainly in peripheral muscle strength. However, due to the scarcity of studies related to the subject, new research is necessary.
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