Young people's attitude towards emergency oral contraception: translation and validation of a scale

  • João Castro Escola Superior de Saúde, Universidade de Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro
  • Vítor Rodrigues Escola Superior de Saúde, Universidade de Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro
  • Carlos Almeida Escola Superior de Saúde, Universidade de Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro

Abstract

The objective was to validate the "Emergency Contraceptive Pills (ECPs) - Attitude Scale" for the Portuguese university population, allowing the evaluation of the attitude of young people to oral emergency contraception (OEC). Translation, adaptation, and validation of the same for the Portuguese population. A study was carried out using a sample of 457 university students, and their psychometric characteristics were evaluated by developing studies of reliability and validity. The sample consisted mostly of female youth (61.71%), with a mean age of 21.14 years. After performing the psychometric studies, it was possible to obtain values of Cronbach's alpha coefficient of 0.820, for the Scale of Attitudes towards the use of Emergency Oral Contraception (EACOE) and for factor 1 (Fear of misuse) - 0.83; Factor 2 (Easy Access) - 0.826 and Factor 3 (Health Concerns) - 0.691. The scale was adequate and easy to use to assess young people's attitudes about EOC, which is fundamental to the perception of young people's predisposition to their use, which may prove to be harmful to the adoption of protective behaviors within the scope of the experience of their sexuality.

Published
2019-12-31