Adaptive and psychomotor skills in the quality of life of Mozambique children and youth with developmental disorder: a psychomotor therapy contribution




adaptation, developmental disabilities, independent living, psychomotor therapy, psychomotor program


The recent Rehabilitation’ paradigm is focused on the provision of individualized supports for a more independent living and a better quality of life. The interest in the measurement of psychomotor intervention effectiveness is growing, but research with children/youth is still scarce. This article aims to analyze the effects of a psychomotor intervention on psychomotor and adaptive skills of six participants from Mozambique, between 6 and 13 years, 2 females and 4 males, with developmental disorders, trying to see its impact in their quality of life. All were institutionalized. Both Portuguese versions of the Adaptive Behavior Scale, Children’s Personal Outcomes Scale, and Psychomotor Battery were applied in three different moments. Wilcoxon test was applied. Baseline results allowed the design of a 4-month psychomotor program adjusted to participants. The final evaluation gave some clues about the effectiveness of the intervention, and the retention assessment provided the analysis of the importance of such intervention. Results of the final evaluation showed significant differences in some adaptive domains, indicating improvements maintained even after the program ended. Body awareness and gross motor skills were the psychomotor domains that increased positively and without changes in retention assessment. These improvements had an impact on quality of life global index. Suggestions to practice and research are presented.

KEYWORDS: adaptation; developmental disabilities; independent living; psychomotor therapy; psychomotor program.

Author Biography

Sofia Santos, Faculdade de Motricidade Humana, Universidade de Lisboa

Centro de Estudos em Educação Especial

Departamento de Educação, Ciências Sociais e Humanidades





Original Article