Historical Evolution of Brazil's Participation in the Summer Paralympic Games
Keywords:Paralympic games, Adapted sports, Paralympic Movement
This paper aimed to characterise Brazilian participation in the Summer Paralympic Games between 1976-2020 and relate it to the historical-national, political and Brazilian Paralympic Committee's strategic plan for the paralympic cycles. This paper also intended to compare Brazilian's results with the best ranked countries in Rio 2016. Until 2020, the Brazilian delegation was represented by a total of 774 athletes, 251 of whom were medalists (70.9% men and 29.1% women) in 17 different sports, four collective and thirteen individuals. Regarding disability type, 64.9% of the medalist athletes have a physical impairment, 32.3% visual impairment and 2.8% intellectual impairment. During the analysed period, Brazil won 373 medals: 109 gold (29.2%), 132 silver (35.4%) and 132 bronze (35.4%). In conclusion, it is possible to highlight that the improvement in public policies, strategic plan and investments has favoured Brazilian's results. In the last four Paralympic cycles, Brazil could consolidate itself, winning the largest number of medals in 2016 and reaching third place in accumulated growth (3.2%) between 1988-2020, surpassed only by China and Ukraine.
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