Resistance training variables on muscle hypertrophy: a systematic review


  • Wanderson Matheus Lopes Machado Universidade Federal de Lavras
  • Claudia Eliza Patrocínio de Oliveira Universidade Federal de Viçosa
  • Francielle de Assis Arantes Universidade Federal de Viçosa
  • Dihogo Gama de Matos University of Manitoba
  • Sérgio Maroto-Izquierdo European University Miguel de Cervantes
  • Osvaldo Costa Moreira Universidade Federal de Viçosa - Campus Florestal



muscle strength, hypertrophy, resistance training


Resistance training (RT) is a widely practised type of training, and the number of adherents of this type of physical exercise is increasing each year. Among the most sought objectives of those who initiate RT is muscle hypertrophy, although success in this process depends on a well-designed protocol and good manipulation of training variables. The present study aims to analyze, through a systematic review, the impact of the RT variables (such as intensity, volume, recovery interval, execution speed, and concentric muscle failure) relevant to muscle hypertrophy and if there is an ideal range for each training variable. The research was carried out in the PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus and Scielo databases from 2000 to 2020, using the terms "resistance training" and "hypertrophy" and "intensity" or "volume" or "recovery interval" or "execution speed" or "muscular failure". Twenty-three articles were included in the review. The PEDro scale was used to analyze the quality of the selected articles. It was concluded that the variables intensity and volume must be carefully analyzed in a training program. Despite not having a direct impact on hypertrophy, the other variables affect the intensity and volume and must be manipulated according to what is intended with the others.

Author Biography

Osvaldo Costa Moreira, Universidade Federal de Viçosa - Campus Florestal

Bacharel e Licenciado em Educação Física pela Universidade Federal de Viçosa. Especialista em Musculação e Personal Trainning pela Universidade Castelo Branco. Mestre em Educação Física pela Universidade Federal de Viçosa. Atualmente, é  professor Assistente 2 do Curso de Educação Física
da Universidade Federal de Viçosa - Campus  Florestal. Membro e pesquisador do grupo de pesquisa em Atividade Física e Saúde da Universidade Federalde Viçosa - Campus Florestal.  Tem experiência na área de Educação Física, com ênfase  em Atividade Física e Saúde, Fisiologia do Exercício, Avaliação Física e Funcional, Treinamento de Força e Fatores de Risco Cardiovascular.




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