Quality of life, physical activity, and socioeconomic status of candidates to bariatric surgery: cross-sectional study

Peri-bariatric quality of life

Authors

  • Thaurus Cavalcanti Universidade Federal de Pernambuco https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6470-8169
  • Luís Felipe de Almeida Diniz Programa de Pós Graduação em Cirurgia, Centro de Ciências Médicas, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco
  • Bárbara Amaral Bruno Silva Programa de Pós Graduação em Cirurgia, Centro de Ciências Médicas, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco
  • José Cristiano Faustino dos Santos Programa de Pós Graduação em Cirurgia, Centro de Ciências Médicas, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco
  • Paulo Roberto Cavalcanti Carvalho Programa de Pós Graduação em Cirurgia, Centro de Ciências Médicas, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.6063/motricidade.32762

Keywords:

morbid obesity, bariatric surgery, quality of life, physical activity, socioeconomic status

Abstract

This research aimed to compare the quality of life (QOL) of candidates for bariatric surgery across different levels of physical activity (PA) and socioeconomic levels (SES). A cross-sectional study was conducted with 62 patients who were candidates for bariatric surgery (age= 39.53± 10.72 years and BMI= 50.05± 9.26 kg/m²) and were interviewed using the IPAQ, SF-36, and ABEP questionnaires. Comparisons of QOL between the PA and SES groups were conducted using the Kruskal-Wallis test. The moderate PA group showed significantly higher scores than the Low group in the Functional Capacity domain (61.1± 25.0 vs. 40.8±23.2; p= 0.01). The Physical Aspects domain had a significantly higher score for the high PA group in comparison to the Low group (65.4±36.1 vs. 35.8±35.8; p= 0.029). Individuals with SES level B presented significantly higher scores than the SES level C group in the Functional Capacity domain (62.9±30.2 vs. 46.6±23.9; p= 0.028), General Health status (48.9± 14.9 vs. 33.4± 16.6; p= 0.001), Vitality (62.4± 26.4 vs. 43.8± 21.6; p= 0.007), Social Aspects (79.4± 29.3 vs. 61.1± 32.5; p= 0.04), Emotional Aspects (78.4± 35.2 vs. 45.9± 44.6; p= 0.01), and Mental Health (77.4± 21.2 vs. 60.4± 24.2; p= 0.008). This research demonstrated that individuals with morbid obesity who are candidates for bariatric surgery and have higher levels of physical activity and a higher socioeconomic level exhibit greater levels of quality of life.

Published

2024-01-02

Issue

Section

Original Article