Treatment of acute migraine and status migrainosus in pediatrics

Authors

  • Raquel Azevedo Alves Department of Pediatrics, Hospital Pedro Hispano, Unidade Local de Saúde de Matosinhos
  • Marta Lopes Department of Neurology, Hospital Senhora da Oliveira-Guimarães
  • Ruben Rocha Department of Neuropediatrics, Centro Materno Infantil do Norte, Centro Hospitalar Universitário do Porto
  • Inês Carrilho Department of Neuropediatrics, Centro Materno Infantil do Norte, Centro Hospitalar Universitário do Porto

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.25753/BirthGrowthMJ.v28.i3.15431

Keywords:

acute treatment, migraine, pediatric, status migrainosus

Abstract

Migraine is the most common acute and recurrent headache syndrome in children and adolescents but is often underdiagnosed. Migraine diagnosis in childhood rests on criteria similar to those used in adults but with some particularities, as duration of the attack, which is often much shorter than in adults, and location of the attack, which in many children may be bilateral. Despite its high prevalence, pediatric migraine remains undertreated, sometimes due to fear of caregivers and physicians and lack of studies about its treatment. Although treatment options for pediatric migraine are increasing, they remain limited.
In this article, the authors review approved and “off-label” drugs currently used in migraine and status migrainosus acute treatment in pediatric patients. In migraine treatment, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) should be used. In moderate-to-severe migraine unresponsive to analgesics or NSAIDs, triptans may be used, alone or in combination with the former. Rescue medication, including dihydroergotamine and sodium valproate, can be used in hospital setting for intractable migraine. Antiemetics with anti-dopaminergic properties may be helpful in patients with symptoms of nausea and vomiting in addition to headache, particularly when used in combination therapy.

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Published

2019-10-14

How to Cite

Azevedo Alves, R., Lopes, M., Rocha, R., & Carrilho, I. (2019). Treatment of acute migraine and status migrainosus in pediatrics. NASCER E CRESCER - BIRTH AND GROWTH MEDICAL JOURNAL, 28(3), 132–140. https://doi.org/10.25753/BirthGrowthMJ.v28.i3.15431

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