One silence, different clinical pictures

Landau Kleffner Syndrome: Differential diagnosis

Authors

  • Patricia Magalhães Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Centro Materno-Infantil do Norte, Centro Hospitalar e Universitário do Porto
  • Mafalda Marques Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Hospital Pediátrico de Coimbra, Centro Hospitalar e Universitário de Coimbra, Hospital Pediátrico de Coimbra, Centro Hospitalar e Universitário de Coimbra
  • Vânia Martins Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Centro Materno-Infantil do Norte, Centro Hospitalar e Universitário do Porto
  • Rui Chorão Neuropediatrics Unit, Centro Materno-Infantil do Norte, Centro Hospitalar e Universitário do Porto
  • Sónia Figueiroa Neuropediatrics Unit, Centro Materno-Infantil do Norte, Centro Hospitalar e Universitário do Porto

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.25753/BirthGrowthMJ.v31.i2.20611

Keywords:

aphasia, auditory verbal agnosia, differential diagnosis, epileptic encephalopathy, Landau Kleffner syndrome

Abstract

Landau Kleffner syndrome (LKS) is a rare epileptic encephalopathy characterized by acquired receptive and expressive aphasia and epileptic seizures in a previously normal child. The diagnosis can be challenging and commonly mistaken with other clinical pictures, namely emotional conditions, mainly when identifiable triggers are present in the patient’s history.
The authors present the case of a four-year-old Portuguese girl who moved to China with her parents and sister and started presenting regression of expressive and comprehensive language and behavioral problems around the same time that they changed country. The aim of this study is to document a case of LKS and briefly review the subject, highlighting the complexity of the differential diagnosis.

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References

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Published

2022-06-30

How to Cite

1.
Magalhães P, Marques M, Martins V, Chorão R, Figueiroa S. One silence, different clinical pictures: Landau Kleffner Syndrome: Differential diagnosis. REVNEC [Internet]. 2022Jun.30 [cited 2022Aug.12];31(2):148-52. Available from: https://revistas.rcaap.pt/nascercrescer/article/view/20611

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Case Reports

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