Pruritic rash in a child – Clinical case

Authors

  • Diana Alba Department of Pediatrics, Hospital Padre Américo, Unidade Local de Saúde Tâmega e Sousa https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1699-7664
  • Sofia Pimenta Department of Pediatrics, Hospital Padre Américo, Unidade Local de Saúde Tâmega e Sousa
  • Ângela Machado Department of Pediatrics, Hospital Padre Américo, Unidade Local de Saúde Tâmega e Sousa https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3048-9508
  • Jorge Abreu Ferreira Department of Pediatrics, Hospital Padre Américo, Unidade Local de Saúde Tâmega e Sousa https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4158-2177

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.25753/BirthGrowthMJ.v33.i2.27593

Keywords:

dermatology, erythema multiforme, pruritus, rash, urticaria multiforme

Abstract

Urticaria multiforme (UM) is an allergic hypersensitivity reaction characterized by the acute onset of polycyclic and annular wheals with ecchymotic centers. It is more common in children under 4 years of age, who typically present with a pruritic rash and nontoxic appearance. The diagnosis is clinical. The condition usually has a favorable response to antihistamines and self-limited course. UM is probably underdiagnosed as it is often confused with erythema multiforme and serum sickness-like reaction. Herein is reported a case of UM in a four-year-old boy, followed by a review of the literature on the subject.

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References

Shah KN, Honig PJ, Yan AC. “Urticaria multiforme”: a case series and review of acute annular urticarial hypersensitivity syndromes in children. Pediatrics. 2007 May;119(5):e1177-83. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1542/peds.2006-1553.

Guerrier G, Daronat JM, Deltour R. Unusual presentation of acute annular urticaria: a case report. Case Rep Dermatol Med 2011; 2011: 1–3.

Starnes L, Patel T, Skinner RB. Urticaria Multiforme – A Case Report. Pediatr Dermatol. 2011; 28:436-8.

Barros M, Antunes J, Antunes SM, Calado R. Urticaria multiforme: a benign frightening rash. BMJ Case Rep 2021; 14 :e241011. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2020-241011.

Emer JJ, Bernardo SG, Kovalerchik O, Ahmad M. Urticaria multiforme. J Clin Aesthet Dermatol 2013; 6: 34–9.

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Published

2024-06-27

How to Cite

1.
Alba D, Pimenta S, Machado Ângela, Abreu Ferreira J. Pruritic rash in a child – Clinical case. REVNEC [Internet]. 2024Jun.27 [cited 2024Jul.23];33(2):144-6. Available from: https://revistas.rcaap.pt/nascercrescer/article/view/27593

Issue

Section

Imaging Cases

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