Herpes Zoster in a 3-month-old infant

Authors

  • Duarte Malveiro Pediatric Service of Hospital de São Francisco Xavier, Centro Hospitalar de Lisboa Ocidental
  • Raquel Firme Pediatric Service of Woman and Child Department of HPP Hospital de Cascais Dr. José de Almeida
  • Sofia Deuchande Pediatric Service of Woman and Child Department of HPP Hospital de Cascais Dr. José de Almeida
  • Ana Pinheiro Pediatric Service of Woman and Child Department of HPP Hospital de Cascais Dr. José de Almeida
  • Anabela Brito Pediatric Service of Woman and Child Department of HPP Hospital de Cascais Dr. José de Almeida
  • Nuno Lynce Pediatric Service of Woman and Child Department of HPP Hospital de Cascais Dr. José de Almeida

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.25753/BirthGrowthMJ.v24.i4.8486

Keywords:

Herpes zoster, varicella-zoster virus, infant

Abstract

Introduction: Herpes Zoster (HZ) is rare in infancy and results from reactivation of varicella-zoster virus, latent in the dorsal root ganglia of sensory or cranial nerves after primary infection (chickenpox).

Case Report: We describe the case of an healthy infant, three months old, without previous clinical symptoms of chickenpox, in spite of having contacted with the disease at two weeks of life. She was hospitalized for vesicular-papular rash involving unilaterally dermatomes L4 and L5 and was treated with acyclovir with good clinical outcome.

Conclusion: The immaturity of the immune system and the interference of maternal antibodies contribute to the manifestation of HZ in the first year of life. In a previously healthy child it is not recommended the exclusion of underlying immunodeficiency or malignant disease.

References

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Published

2015-12-15

How to Cite

Malveiro, D., Firme, R., Deuchande, S., Pinheiro, A., Brito, A., & Lynce, N. (2015). Herpes Zoster in a 3-month-old infant. NASCER E CRESCER - BIRTH AND GROWTH MEDICAL JOURNAL, 24(4), 179–182. https://doi.org/10.25753/BirthGrowthMJ.v24.i4.8486

Issue

Section

Case Reports

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