The employability of graduates: skills sought in job advertisements

  • Ana Costa Laranjeiro Instituto Universitário de Lisboa (ISCTE-IUL), Lisboa, Portugal
  • Fatima Suleman Instituto Universitário de Lisboa (ISCTE-IUL), Dinâmia’Cet_Iscte, Lisboa, Portugal
  • Maria do Carmo Botelho Instituto Universitário de Lisboa (ISCTE-IUL), Centro de Investigação e Estudos de Sociologia (Cies_Iscte), Lisboa, Portugal
Keywords: higher education, job requirements, skills, job advertisements


This research examines job advertisements (n = 813) to identify the skills required to graduates in the hiring process. Foreign language, notably English, is highly demanded; it may be labeled as key skill. Other requirements point to technical knowledge, relational and organizational skills, and some personal traits. However, job requirements vary across field of education. Some advertisements report only the field of education without detailing skills. These job offers suggest the demand for technical skills specific to the graduation.