The effect of in-home instruction on the functional performance of children with special needs
AbstractChildren with special needs are known to have neurosensorymotor disorders that lead to both difficulties and limitations in their functionality and social participation. The care provided by caregivers to these children may reduce such limitations improving participation. The purpose of the present study was to verify the effect of in-home instruction on the functional performance of children with special needs during their daily activities. Thirty-one caregivers of children were randomly divided into two groups: Instructed (IG, n = 17) and Control (CG, n = 14). Both groups were submitted to the Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory (PEDI) at baseline and after three months. The IG received individualized in-home instruction over this three-month period on how to bathe, change clothes, feed and carry the child with special needs. The PEDI evaluation revealed that IG significantly increased PEDI score in the self-care and social function on the functional skills scale as well as in the self-care on the caregiver assistance scale. Individualized in-home instruction to caregivers is suggested to be effective in improving the level of independence of children with special needs in the self-care and social function in the PEDI. This is a simple and effective intervention with the family.
The authors of submitted manuscripts must transfer the full copyright to Journal Motricidade / Desafio Singular Editions. Granting copyright permission allows the publication and dissemination of the article in printed or electronic formats and copyrights start at the moment the manuscript is accepted for publication. It also allows Journal Motricidade to use and commercialize the article in terms of licensing, lending or selling its content to indexation/abstracts databases and other entities.
According to the terms of the Creative Commons licence, authors may reproduce a reasonable number of copies for personal or professional purpose but without any economic gains. SHERPA/RoMEO allows authors to post a final digital copy (post-printing version) of the article in their websites or on their institutions' scientific repository.