PPeak oxygen uptake differentiates competitive from recreational male surfboard riders

  • Nuno Almeida Faculty of Human Kinetics - University of Lisbon
  • Joana Reis Faculty of Human Kinetics - University of Lisbon;Escola de Turismo, Desporto e Hospitalidade, Universidade Europeia – Lisbon, Portugal
  • João Beckert Faculdade de Ciências Médicas - Universidade Nova de Lisboa
  • Miguel Moreira Faculty of Human Kinetics - University of Lisbon
  • Francisco Alves Faculty of Human Kinetics - University of Lisbon

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to verify if competitive performance status was associated to different levels of specific aerobic fitness in Portuguese surfboard riders. Six recreational surfers (age: 32.3±3.1 years; body mass: 73.2±7.8kg; height: 1.75±0.05m) and six competitive international level surfers (age: 25±8.4years; body mass: 68.5±3.8kg; height: 1.74±0.05m) performed a maximal continuous incremental paddling test consisting of two-minute steps starting at 20W, with increments of 10W, for determination of peak oxygen uptake and maximal aerobic power. Ventilatory threshold and respiratory compensation point with corresponding heart rate and power output were also determined. Elite surfers presented higher values for peak oxygen uptake (43.6±7.9 ml.kg-1.min-1) than recreational surfers (31.1±7.4 ml.kg-1.min-1, p=0.01) however, there were no differences (p> 0.05) between groups for maximal aerobic power (elite: 76.6±18.6W; recreational: 76.6±16.6W). No significant differences between the power output at which ventilatory threshold or respiratory compensation point occurred but elite surfers reached ventilation threshold with 22.5±5.8 ml.kg-1.min-1 which was significantly higher than recreational surfers (16±3.7 ml.kg-1.min-1). These findings show that elite surfers have higher values of peak oxygen uptake than recreational surfers which suggest a higher aerobic adaptation that may be related to the different amount of exercise volume undertaken.

Author Biographies

Nuno Almeida, Faculty of Human Kinetics - University of Lisbon

CIPER- Centro Interdisciplinar do Estudo da Performance Humana – (CIPER – FMH/UL)

MsC. Elite Sports Training
Joana Reis, Faculty of Human Kinetics - University of Lisbon;Escola de Turismo, Desporto e Hospitalidade, Universidade Europeia – Lisbon, Portugal

Centro Interdisciplinar do Estudo da Performance Humana – (CIPER – FMH/UL)

Assistant Professor
João Beckert, Faculdade de Ciências Médicas - Universidade Nova de Lisboa

Centro de Estudos de Doenças Crónicas (CEDOC – FCM – UNL)

Dr.

Miguel Moreira, Faculty of Human Kinetics - University of Lisbon

SPERT Lab - Sports Expertise Lab (FMH-UL)

Assistant Professor

Francisco Alves, Faculty of Human Kinetics - University of Lisbon

Centro Interdisciplinar do Estudo da Performance Humana – (CIPER – FMH/UL)

Full Professor
Published
2018-01-27
Section
Original Article