Burnout in Brazilian junior tennis players

  • Pedro de Orleans Casagrande Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina - UDESC, Laboratório de Psicologia do Esporte e do Exercício – LAPE, Florianópolis - SC
  • Alexandro Andrade Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina - UDESC, Laboratório de Psicologia do Esporte e do Exercício – LAPE, Florianópolis - SC
  • Maick da Silveira Viana Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina - UDESC, Laboratório de Psicologia do Esporte e do Exercício – LAPE, Florianópolis - SC
  • Diego Itibere Cunha Vasconcellos Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina - UDESC, Laboratório de Psicologia do Esporte e do Exercício – LAPE, Florianópolis - SC

Abstract

The present study aimed to investigate the burnout syndrome in Brazilian young tennis players. The sample consisted of 88 tennis players, 69 male (M =15.3 years; SD = 1.2) and 19 females (M = 15.1 years; SD = 1.3). The Athlete Burnout Questionnaire and a characterization questionnaire were administered. It was used descriptive (frequencies, percentages, maximum and minimum) and inferential non-parametric statistics (Kruskal-Wallis and Mann Whitney), establishing significance of p< 0.05. Tennis players with less practice time (1-3 years) had lower rates of physical and emotional exhaustion (p= 0.005, D= −0.57) than those who trained for longer (4-7 years). Tennis players with lower training volume (up to 10 hours per week) had higher rates of burnout (p= 0.009, D= 0.33), sport devaluation (p= 0.011, D= 0.56) and reduced sense of accomplishment (p= 0.002, D= 0.44) than those with higher volumes (11 to 20 hours per week). The associations meet with theoretical assumptions of burnout syndrome and researches that investigated this population.
Published
2014-06-01
Section
Original Article