Postural and Load Distribution Asymmetries in Preschoolers

  • Paulysnara de Oliveira Almeida Universidade Federal do Ceará
  • Geisyani Francisca Gomes Prudente Universidade Federal do Ceará
  • Fabiane Elpídio de Sá Universidade Federal do Ceará
  • Lidiane Andréa Oliveira Lima Universidade Federal do Ceará
  • Fabianna Resende Jesus-Moraleida Universidade Federal do Ceará
  • Kátia Virginia Viana-Cardoso Universidade Federal do Ceará

Abstract

The aim of the study was to investigate the postural and load distribution symmetries in preschool children. The sample consisted of 67 preschool children with a median age of 54.00 ± 5.06 months. Postural parameters such as the horizontal alignment of the head, the acromion and Antero Superior Iliac Spines (ASIS), the angles between the acromial and ASIS, frontal, Q, knee and ankle and horizontal asymmetry of the scapula in relation to T3 were evaluated by photogrammetry. The baropodometry was used to identify the distribution of plantar pressure, while the medial arch of the foot was analyzed by photographic image. The median, standard deviation and the symmetry ratio were calculated for each parameter considered symmetry values greater than 90%. The Pearson’s or Spearman’s correlation were used between the parameters analyzed. There was asymmetric for postural and load distribution parameters for both genders and a null correlation between the symmetry of the surface and foot morphology and negative weak correlation significant between of the load foot and the front angle of the lower limb symmetries. The presence of asymmetries, postural and/or of load distribution, observed in early childhood suggest the importance of monitoring the postural and foot load parameters in the long term, preventing future postural and biomechanical alterations.

Author Biographies

Paulysnara de Oliveira Almeida, Universidade Federal do Ceará
Discente do curso de fisioterapia da Universidade Federal do Ceará
Geisyani Francisca Gomes Prudente, Universidade Federal do Ceará
Discente do curso de fisioterapia da Universidade Federal do Ceará
Fabiane Elpídio de Sá, Universidade Federal do Ceará
Professora Assistente I do curso de fisioterapia da UFC
Lidiane Andréa Oliveira Lima, Universidade Federal do Ceará
Professora Adjunto I do curso de fisioterapia da UFC
Fabianna Resende Jesus-Moraleida, Universidade Federal do Ceará
Professora Assistente I do curso de fisioterapia da UFC
Kátia Virginia Viana-Cardoso, Universidade Federal do Ceará
Professora Adjunto I do curso de fisioterapia da UFC
Published
2016-03-10
Section
Original Article