ORBITAL AND PERIORBITAL CELLULITIS: AN 11 -YEAR CASE SERIES
Keywords:Orbital cellulitis, orbital diseases, child, adolescent
Introduction:Cellulitis of the orbital region are a common pediatric illness, which can be potentially severe
Objectives: The present study reviews the epidemiology, etiology and therapeutic approach of cases of cellulitis of the orbital region admitted at the Pediatric Department of Hospital Center Tondela-Viseu (CHTV), in 11 years.
Results: Of the 93 children admitted, 94% had periorbital cellulitis (POC) and 6% orbital cellulitis (OC). The average age was six years and they were predominantly male (61%). Trauma was the most common known cause (12%). Cefuroxime was the first line antibiotic in 84% of cases, and the majority had a good outcome. There were complications in five of the six patients with OC (83%). There were no deaths. The majority were referred to their family doctor.
Conclusions: We highlight the importance of the distinction between POC vs OC, as they require different clinical approaches. OC is associated with a higher incidence of complications.
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