DESIGN, WRITING AND PUBLICATION OF SCIENTIFIC MANUSCRIPTS – DESIGN OF SCIENTIFIC MANUSCRIPTS
Keywords:Scientific education, design of scientific manuscripts
In this first manuscript, from four that comprise the heading “DESIGN, WRITING AND PUBLISHING OF SCIENTIFIC MANUSCRIPTS”, as part of the “SCIENTIFIC EDUCATION” section of the journal “NASCER E CRESCER”, we reflect on the steps that should precede the writing of a scientific paper, in view to its publication in a periodic journal.
Boyd JC, Rifai N, Annesley TM. Preparation of manuscripts
for publication: improving your chances for success. Clin.
Sharma S. How to become a competent medical writer?
Perspect. Clin. Res. 2010 Jan;1(1):33–7.
Masic I. How to Search, Write, Prepare and Publish the Scienti
Þ c Papers in the Biomedical Journals. Acta Inform. Medica.
Virella, D. A leitura crítica de um artigo médico (1a parte). Acta
Pediatr Port. 2009;40:37–41.
Virella, D. A leitura crítica de um artigo médico (2a parte).
Marusi A, Marusi M. Teaching students how to read and
write science: a mandatory course on scientiÞ c research and
communication in medicine. Acad. Med. J. Assoc. Am. Med.
Tomaska L. Teaching how to prepare a manuscript by means
of rewriting published scientiÞ c papers. Genetics.
Peh WC, Ng KH. Basic structure and types of scientiÞ c papers.
Singapore Med. J. 2008;49:522–5.
Hitchcock MA. Writing and publishing research articles. Fam.
Pract. Res. J. 1988;8:3–16.
Sollaci LB, Pereira MG. The introduction, methods, results,
and discussion (IMRAD) structure: a Þ fty -year survey. J. Med.
Libr. Assoc. Jmla. 2004;92:364–7.
Haynes RB, Mulrow CD, Huth EJ, Altman DG, Gardner
MJ. More informative abstracts revisited. Ann. Intern. Med.
Peh WCG, Ng KH. Writing a case report. Singapore Med. J.
;51:10–13; quiz 14.
Green BN, Johnson CD. How to write a case report for publication.
J. Chiropr. Med. 2006;5:72–82.
Crowe S, Cresswell K, Robertson A, Huby G, Avery A, Sheikh
A. The case study approach. Bmc Med. Res. Methodol.
Sorinola O, Olufowobi O, Coomarasamy A, Khan KS. Instructions
to authors for case reporting are limited: a review of a
core journal list. Bmc Med. Educ. 2004;4:4.
Virues -Ortega J, Moreno -Rodriguez R. Guidelines for clinical
case reports in behavioral clinical psychology. Int J Clin Heal.
Jabs DA. Improving the reporting of clinical case series. Am.
J. Ophthalmol. 2005;139:900–5.
Kempen JH. Appropriate use and reporting of uncontrolled
case series in the medical literature. Am. J. Ophthalmol.
Ng KH, Peh WCG. Writing a technical note. Singapore Med.
J. 2010;51:101–103; quiz 104.
Peh WCG, Ng KH. Writing a pictorial essay. Singapore Med.
J. 2010;51:186–188; quiz 189.
Peh WC, Ng KH. Writing an invited review. Singapore Med. J.
Peh WC, Ng KH. Writing a book review. Singapore Med. J.
Derish PA, Annesley TM. How to write a rave review. Clin.
Sampaio, RFE, Mancini, MC. Estudos de revisão sistemática:
um guia para síntese criteriosa da evidência cientíÞ ca. Rev
Bras Fisioter. 2007;11:83–9.
Mulrow CD. Rationale for systematic reviews. BMJ.
Stroup DF, Berlin JA, Morton SC, Olkin I, Williamson GD,
Rennie D, et al. Meta -analysis of observational studies in epidemiology:
a proposal for reporting. Meta -analysis Of Observational
Studies in Epidemiology (MOOSE) group. Jama J.
Am. Med. Assoc. 2000;283:2008–12.
Moher D, Cook DJ, Eastwood S, Olkin I, Rennie D, Stroup
DF. Improving the quality of reports of meta -analyses of randomised
controlled trials: the QUOROM statement. Quality of
Reporting of Meta -analyses. Lancet. 1999;354:1896–900.
Liberati A, Altman DG, Tetzlaff J, Mulrow C, Gøtzsche PC,
Ioannidis JPA, et al. The PRISMA statement for reporting systematic
reviews and meta -analyses of studies that evaluate
health care interventions: explanation and elaboration. Plos
Reitsma JB, Moons KGM, Bossuyt PMM, Linnet K. Systematic
reviews of studies quantifying the accuracy of diagnostic
tests and markers. Clin. Chem. 2012;58:1534–45.
Peh WC, Ng KH. Writing a letter to the Editor. Singapore Med.
Peh WC, Ng KH. Writing an editorial. Singapore Med. J.
Peh WCG, Ng KH. Writing an invited commentary. Singapore
Med. J. 2010;51:454–455; quiz 456.
Begg C, Cho M, Eastwood S, Horton R, Moher D, Olkin I, et
al. Improving the quality of reporting of randomized controlled
trials. The CONSORT statement. Jama J. Am. Med. Assoc.
Rennie D. How to report randomized controlled trials. The CONSORT
statement. Jama J. Am. Med. Assoc. 1996;276:649.
Von Elm E, Altman DG, Egger M, Pocock SJ, Gøtzsche PC,
Vandenbroucke JP. The Strengthening the Reporting of Observational
Studies in Epidemiology (STROBE) statement: guidelines
for reporting observational studies. Plos Med. 2007;4:e296.
Vandenbroucke JP, von Elm E, Altman DG, Gøtzsche PC,
Mulrow CD, Pocock SJ, et al. Strengthening the Reporting of
Observational Studies in Epidemiology (STROBE): explanation
and elaboration. Plos Med. 2007;4:e297.
Benchimol EI, Langan S, Guttmann A. Call to RECORD:
the need for complete reporting of research using routinely
collected health data. J. Clin. Epidemiol. 2012; pii: S0895-
Langan SM, Benchimol EI, Guttmann A, Moher D, Petersen
I, Smeeth L, et al. Setting the RECORD straight: developing
a guideline for the REporting of studies Conducted using
Observational Routinely collected Data. Clin. Epidemiol.
Bossuyt PM, Reitsma JB, Bruns DE, Gatsonis CA, Glasziou PP,
Irwig LM, et al. Towards complete and accurate reporting of studies
of diagnostic accuracy: the STARD initiative. Standards for
Reporting of Diagnostic Accuracy. Clin. Chem. 2003;49:1–6.
Bossuyt PM, Reitsma JB, Bruns DE, Gatsonis CA, Glasziou
PP, Irwig LM, et al. The STARD statement for reporting studies
of diagnostic accuracy: explanation and elaboration.
Clin. Chem. 2003;49:7–18.
Smidt N, Rutjes AWS, van der Windt DAWM, Ostelo RWJG,
Reitsma JB, Bossuyt PM, et al. Quality of reporting of diagnostic
accuracy studies. Radiology. 2005;235:347–53.
Simel DL, Rennie D, Bossuyt PMM. The STARD statement
for reporting diagnostic accuracy studies: application to
the history and physical examination. J. Gen. Intern. Med.
Rutjes AWS, Reitsma JB, Coomarasamy A, Khan KS, Bossuyt
PMM. Evaluation of diagnostic tests when there is no
gold standard. A review of methods. Heal. Technol. Assess.
Winch. Engl. 2007;11:iii, ix–51.
Reitsma JB, Rutjes AWS, Khan KS, Coomarasamy A, Bossuyt
PM. A review of solutions for diagnostic accuracy studies
with an imperfect or missing reference standard. J. Clin. Epidemiol.
McShane LM, Altman DG, Sauerbrei W, Taube SE, Gion
M, Clark GM. Reporting recommendations for tumor marker
prognostic studies (REMARK). J. Natl. Cancer Inst.
Little J, Higgins JPT, Ioannidis JPA, Moher D, Gagnon F, von
Elm E, et al. STrengthening the REporting of Genetic Association
Studies (STREGA): an extension of the STROBE statement.
Plos Med. 2009;6:e22.
Gallo V, Egger M, McCormack V, Farmer PB, Ioannidis JPA,
Kirsch -Volders M, et al. STrengthening the Reporting of OBservational
studies in Epidemiology - Molecular Epidemiology
(STROBE -ME): an extension of the STROBE statement. Eur.
J. Clin. Invest. 2012;42:1–16.
Mischak H, Allmaier G, Apweiler R, Attwood T, Baumann M,
Benigni A, et al. Recommendations for biomarker identiÞ cation
and qualiÞ cation in clinical proteomics. Sci. Transl. Med.
Janssens ACJW, Ioannidis JPA, van Duijn CM, Little J, Khoury
MJ. Strengthening the reporting of Genetic RIsk Prediction
Studies: the GRIPS Statement. Plos Med. 2011;8:e1000420.
Newton PN, Lee SJ, Goodman C, Fernández FM, Yeung S,
Phanouvong S, et al. Guidelines for Þ eld surveys of the quality
of medicines: a proposal. Plos Med. 2009;6:e52.
Kelly WN, Arellano FM, Barnes J, Bergman U, Edwards RI,
Fernandez AM, et al. Guidelines for submitting adverse event
reports for publication. Drug Saf. Int. J. Med. Toxicol. Drug
Aronson JK. Anecdotes as evidence. BMJ. 2003;326:1346.
Siegel JE, Weinstein MC, Russell LB, Gold MR. Recommendations
for reporting cost -effectiveness analyses. Panel
on Cost -Effectiveness in Health and Medicine. Jama J. Am.
Med. Assoc. 1996;276:1339–41.
Drummond M, Manca A, Sculpher M. Increasing the generalizability
of economic evaluations: recommendations for the
design, analysis, and reporting of studies. Int. J. Technol. Assess.
Health Care. 2005;21:165–71.
Ramsey S, Willke R, Briggs A, Brown R, Buxton M, Chawla A,
et al. Good research practices for cost -effectiveness analysis
alongside clinical trials: the ISPOR RCT -CEA Task Force report.
Value Heal. J. Int. Soc. Pharmacoeconomics Outcomes
Petrou S, Gray A. Economic evaluation alongside randomised
controlled trials: design, conduct, analysis, and reporting.
Nuijten MJ, Pronk MH, Brorens MJ, Hekster YA, Lockefeer
JH, de Smet PA, et al. Reporting format for economic evaluation.
Part II: Focus on modelling studies. Pharmacoeconomics.
Petrou S, Gray A. Economic evaluation using decision analytical
modelling: design, conduct, analysis, and reporting. BMJ.
Vintzileos AM, Beazoglou T. Design, execution, interpretation,
and reporting of economic evaluation studies in obstetrics.
Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol. 2004;191:1070–6.
Nicholson A, Berger K, Bohn R, Carcao M, Fischer K, Gringeri
A, et al. Recommendations for reporting economic evaluations
of haemophilia prophylaxis: a nominal groups consensus
statement on behalf of the Economics Expert Working
Group of The International Prophylaxis Study Group. Haemoph.
Off. J. World Fed. Hemoph. 2008;14:127–32.
Davis JC, Robertson MC, Comans T, Scuffham PA. Guidelines for
conducting and reporting economic evaluation of fall prevention
strategies. Osteoporos. Int. J. Establ. Result Coop. Eur. Found.
Osteoporos. Natl. Osteoporos. Found. Usa. 2011;22:2449–59.
Peh WCG, Ng KH. Why write? Singapore Med. J.
Triaridis S, Kyrgidis A. Peer review and journal impact factor:
the two pillars of contemporary medical publishing. Hippokratia.
The impact factor game. It is time to Þ nd a better way to assess
the scientiÞ c literature. Plos Med. 2006;3:e291.
Seglen PO. Why the impact factor of journals should not be
used for evaluating research. BMJ. 1997;314:498–502.
Ng KH. Exploring new frontiers of electronic publishing in biomedical
science. Singapore Med. J. 2009;50:230–4.
Davis PM, Walters WH. The impact of free access to the
scientiÞ c literature: a review of recent research. J. Med. Libr.
Assoc. Jmla. 2011;99:208–17.
How to Cite
Copyright and access
This journal offers immediate free access to its content, following the principle that providing free scientific knowledge to the public provides greater global democratization of knowledge.
The works are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial 4.0 International license.
Nascer e Crescer – Birth and Growth Medical Journal do not charge any submission or processing fee to the articles submitted.