• Maria Armanda Passas Pediatric Department, Hospital Pediátrico Integrado, Centro Hospitalar São João
  • Marta Teixeira Dermatology and Veneorology Department, Hospital Pedro Hispano, Unidade de Saúde Local de Matosinhos.
Keywords: Hemangioma, Vascular Malformations, Treatment


Infantile hemangiomas are the most common softtissue tumors of infancy, occurring in approximately 3 to 10 percent of one-year-old children, with predominance in females. Despite the frequency of these tumors, their pathogenesis is not completely understood, and the best approach to their management remains controversial. They have a well-described natural history of rapid growth during early infancy followed by gradual involution, often leading to complete regression. Because of their spontaneous involution, most infantile hemangiomas do not require therapeutic intervention. However, in 10 to 15 % of cases, treatment is necessary because of local complications, life or physiological functioning is threatened or the long-term esthetic risk is too high.


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