Education and social classes in Portugal: continuities and changes in the 21st century
Keywords:social structure, inequalities, education system, educational policies
The relation between education and the class structure is in the core of the sociological project, since its foundation. This article aims to review some of its main theories and results, in the light of the transformations of the Portuguese society over the last few decades. Such changes are so pervasive that some doubts were raised over the heuristic potential of the concept of social class or, at least, of its relation with schooling. Therefore, this article clarifies the importance of this relation, and explores recent variations in its configuration. After a review of the national and international literature, a set of empirical data resulting from the European Social Survey is presented and discussed, comparing the results from 2002 and 2018.
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