Physical activity, fatigue and quality of life during a clinical adjuvant treatment of breast cancer: a comparative study

Abstract

It was our objective to compare the physical activity, fatigue and quality of life of patients during breast cancer treatment and to investigate the association between these variables. Participated in this study 122 women in clinical treatment at the Cancer Research Center (CEPON) in Florianópolis, SC. We used a questionnaire with general information, physical activity (IPAQ - short), fatigue (Piper fatigue) and quality of life (EORTC QLQ - C30). One-way ANOVA with Scheffe's post-hoc, Chi-square, and univariate and multiple linear regression (p <0.05) were used. It was observed a greater walking time and total physical activity for the patients in the hormone therapy. In the fatigue, worse scores were presented by the patients in the chemotherapy. In the quality of life, there was a difference in the symptomatic scale, with worse scores on the subscales of nausea and vomiting, pain and loss of appetite for patients on chemotherapy and constipation for radiotherapy. It was identified an association between the increase of the physical activity with the improvement of the physical, social function and symptoms of the fatigue, regardless of the type of treatment or age. Patients in the hormone therapy practiced more physical activity, and those in chemotherapy had worse side effects. It is necessary to encourage physical activity during treatment, since benefits in quality of life and fatigue are evidenced.

Author Biographies

Leonessa Boing, Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina
Doutoranda do Programa de Pós-graduação em Ciências do Movimento Humano do Centro de Ciências da Saúde e do Esporte da Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina (CEFID/UDESC). Bolsista da Coordenação de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES).
Tatiana de Bem Fretta, Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina
Mestranda do Programa de Pós-graduação em Ciências do Movimento Humano do Centro de Ciências da Saúde e do Esporte da Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina (CEFID/UDESC).
Melissa de Carvalho Souza Vieira, Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina
Doutoranda do Programa de Pós-graduação em Ciências do Movimento Humano do Centro de Ciências da Saúde e do Esporte da Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina (CEFID/UDESC). Bolsista da Coordenação de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES).
Luiza Andreatta Denig, Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina
Graduanda do curso de Educação Física do Centro de Ciências da Saúde e do Esporte da Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina (CEFID/UDESC).
Anke Bergmann, Instituto Nacional do Câncer
Coordenação Geral de Educação e Pesquisa 
Programa de Carcinogênese Molecular do Instituto Nacional do Câncer
Adriana Coutinho de Azevedo Guimarães, Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina
Professora doutora do Programa de Pós-graduação em Ciências do Movimento Humano do Centro de Ciências da Saúde e do Esporte da Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina (CEFID/UDESC).
Published
2018-10-28
Section
Original Article