Effect of inspiratory muscles training in maximal inspiratory pressure and functional autonomy of sheltered elderly people
The main purpose of this study was to access the effect of inspiratory muscles training in maximal inspiratory pressure (Pimáx) and functional autonomy of sheltered elderly people. The sample consisted of 34 elderly people, divided in: experimental group - EG (n=21, 76,48±2,12 years) and group control - GC (n=13, 75,69±2,26 years ). The method created by The Latin-American Development Group for Elderly (GDLAM) was used to evaluate functional autonomy through successive tests. The Pimáx was calibrated in a Manovacuometer device (analogical with interval operational of 150 the +150 cmH2O; Critical Med / USA -2002). The registry of intervention consisting in : working load installed bit-by-bit (50%-100%); sessions with duration of 20 minutes , with 7 sets of training (2 minutes each) and interval of 1 minute among the sets, for 10 weeks, 3 times a week. The multivariate analysis of variance showed significant improvements (p=0,00000) in Pimáx and the tests that were used to assess functional autonomy. In this way, it was concluded that the strengthening inspiratory muscles improves Pimáx and functional autonomy of the sheltered elderly people analyzed.
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