TINEA CAPITIS– SIGNIFICANCE OF TIMELY TREATMENT TO PREVENT SCARRING ALOPECIA
Keywords:alopecia, querion, prevention, tinea capitis
Introduction: Tinea capitis is a superficial fungal infection frequently observed in children. Microsporum spp and Trichophyton spp are the main etiological agents.
Case report: We report the case of a five-year-old boy diagnosed with tinea capitis and querion with subsequent development of large cicatricial alopecia despite treatment with oral griseofulvin.
Conclusion: The treatment of tinea capitis is simple and effective. Timely identification and treatment are essential to prevent the formation of a cicatricial alopecia, often disturbing for the patient.
Kelly BP. Superficial fungal infections. Pediatr Rev. 2012; 33: 22-37.
Machado S, Velho G, Selores M, Lopes V, Amorim M, Amorim J, et al. Micoses superficiais na consulta de dermatologia pediátrica do Hospital Geral de Santo António: revisão de 4 anos. Trab Soc Port Dermatol Venereol. 2002; 60: 59-63.
Ayaya SO, Kamar KK, Kakai R. Aetiology of tinea capitis in school children. East Afr Med J. 2001; 78: 531-5.
Ginter-Hanselmayer G, Weger W, Ilkit M, Smolle J. Epidemiology of tinea capitis in Europe: current state and changing patterns. Mycoses. 2007; 50: 6-13.
Hackett BC, O’Connell K, Cafferkey M, O’Donnell BF, Keane FM. Tinea capitis in a paediatric population. Ir Med J. 2006; 99: 294-5.
Guerra RF, Gomes M, Mayer A, Filipe P. Dermatologia: ficheiro clínico e terapêutico. Fundação Gulbenkian. 2010. p. 635-6.
Bologna JL, Jorizzo JL. Dermatology, 2nd Edition. Elsevier. 2013. p. 1259-61.
Grover C, Arora P, Manchanda V. Comparative evaluation of griseofulvin, terbinafine and fluconazole in the treatment of tinea capitis. Int J Dermatol. 2012; 51: 455-8.
Bhanusali D, Coley M, Silverberg JI, Alexis A, Silverberg NB. Treatment outcomes for tinea capitis in a skin of color population. J Drugs Dermatol. 2012; 11: 852-6.
Kakourou T, Uksal U. Guidelines for the management of tinea capitis in children. Pediatr Dermatol. 2010; 27: 226-8.
Ali S, Graham TA, Forgie SE. The assessment and management of tinea capitis in children. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2007; 23: 662-5.
Bookstaver PB, Watson HJ, Winters SD, Carlson AL, Schulz RM. Prophylactic ketoconazole shampoo for tinea capitis in a high-risk pediatric population. J Pediatr Pharmacol Ther. 2011; 16: 199-203.
Fuller LC, Barton RC, Mohd Mustapa MF, Proudfoot LE, Punjabi SP, Higgins EM. British Association of Dermatologists’ guidelines for the management of tinea capitis. Br J Dermatol. 2014; 171: 454-63.
How to Cite
Copyright and access
This journal offers immediate free access to its content, following the principle that providing free scientific knowledge to the public provides greater global democratization of knowledge.
The works are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial 4.0 International license.
Nascer e Crescer – Birth and Growth Medical Journal do not charge any submission or processing fee to the articles submitted.