Keywords:Congenital diaphragmatic hernia, cough, failure to thrive, pediatrics
Introduction: Congenital Bochdalek Diaphragmatic Hernia (CBDH) is a relatively rare entity and may be underdiagnosed due to not being correctly recognized after the neonatal period.
Case report: An eight-month-old Caucasian infant with failure to thrive, presented to the emergency service with productive cough since the previous week. He was amoxicillin/ clavulanic acid prescribed seven days before for an acute otitis media and was afebrile for the past four days. Past history revealed failure to thrive and feeding difficulties. Chest radiograph was misleading, with multiple differential diagnosis, namely eventration and necrotizing pneumonia. Abdominal ultrasonography and thoracoabdominal magnetic resonance imaging revealed CBDH with non-obstructive gastric volvulus.
Discussion: Pediatricians should include late-onset CBDH as a differential diagnosis in any child with recurrent non-specific respiratory or gastrointestinal tract symptoms. Early surgical correction of diaphragmatic defect is crucial to prevent the possible risk of strangulation and severe respiratory problems.
Cevizci MN, Erdemir G, Cayir A. A Rare Cause of Haemorrhage in the Upper Gastrointestinal System: Bochdalek Hernia. West Indian Med J 2015; 64:154-6.
Chang SW, Lee HC, Yeung CY, Chan WT, Hsu CH, Kao HA, et al. A twenty-year review of early and late-presenting congenital Bochdalek diaphragmatic hernia: are they different clinical spectra? Pediatr Neonatol 2010; 51:26-30.
Cigdem MK, Onen A, Otcu S, Okur H. Late presentation of bochdalek-type congenital diaphragmatic hernia in children: a 23-year experience at a single center. Surg Today 2007; 37:642-5.
Bagłaj M, Dorobisz U. Late-presenting congenital diaphragmatic hernia in children: a literature review. Pediatr Radiol 2005; 35:478-88.
Bagłaj M. Late-presenting congenital diaphragmatic hernia in children: a clinical spectrum. Pediatr Surg Int 2004; 20:658-69.
Al Ghafri M, Al Sidairi I, Nayar M. Late presentation of congenital diaphragmatic hernia: a case report. Oman Med J 2014; 29:223-5.
Mei-Zahav M, Solomon M, Trachsel D, Langer JC. Bochdalek diaphragmatic hernia: not only a neonatal disease. Arch Dis Child 2003; 88:532-5.
Radović SV. Late Presentation of Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia - Case Report. Srp Arh Celok Lek 2015; 143:604-8.
Rankin JH, Elkhunovich M, Seif D, Chilstrom M. Point-of-Care Ultrasound Diagnosis of Diaphragmatic Hernia in an Infant With Respiratory Distress. Pediatr Emerg Care 2016; 32:731-3.
Kitano Y, Lally KP, Lally PA. Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia Study Group. Late-presenting congenital diaphragmatic hernia. J Pediatr Surg 2005; 40:1839-43.
How to Cite
Copyright and access
This journal offers immediate free access to its content, following the principle that providing free scientific knowledge to the public provides greater global democratization of knowledge.
The works are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial 4.0 International license.
Nascer e Crescer – Birth and Growth Medical Journal do not charge any submission or processing fee to the articles submitted.