Acute and subacute effects of resistance training with and without blood flow restriction on muscle thickness and cytokines

  • Alexandre L Evangelista Department of Physical Education of Nove de Julho University, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.
  • Roberta L Rica Department of Post-Graduation in Physical Education of São Judas Tadeu University, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.
  • Anderson C Paulo Department of Physical Education of Technological Federal University, Curitiba- PR, Brazil.
  • Rodolfo P Vieira Post-graduation Program in Bioengenering of Brasil University, São Paulo-SP, Brazil; Brazilian Institute of Teaching and Research in Pulmonary and Exercise Immunology (IBEPIPE), São José dos Campos-SP, Brazil.
  • Simone D Corso Post-graduation Program in Sciences of Rehabilitation, Nove de Julho University, São Paulo-SP, Brazil
  • Alana Santos Dias Brazilian Institute of Teaching and Research in Pulmonary and Exercise Immunology (IBEPIPE), São José dos Campos-SP, Brazil.
  • Paulo Assis Pereira Department of Biosciences of Federal University of São Paulo, Santos, Brazil; Faculty of Physical Education of Praia Grande College, Praia Grande, Brazil
  • Cauê La Scala Teixeira Department of Biosciences of Federal University of São Paulo, Santos, Brazil; Faculty of Physical Education of Praia Grande College, Praia Grande, Brazil
  • Victor Machado Reis Research Center in Sports Sciences, Health Sciences and Human Development, Universidade de Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro (UTAD), Vila Real, VR, Portugal
  • Danilo S Bocalini Experimental Physiology and Biochemistry Laboratory of Physical Education and Sport Center of Federal University of Espírito Santo (UFES), Vitoria, ES, Brazil

Abstract

It was our objective to verify the time course of muscle thickness and cytokine concentration after a resistance training session. In one of the experimental conditions, the training session was performed with low load (20% 1RM) and restriction of blood flow. In the other experimental condition, the same training was performed with high load (80% 1RM) and without blood flow restriction. Femoral rectus muscle, vastus lateralis, brachial biceps and triceps brachii muscle thickness and the serum cytokine dosage were analyzed pré, 0h, 24h and 48h after the training sessions. For the upper and lower limbs, the main results showed significant (p< 0.05) effect on time for the thickness in all muscle but not (p> 0.05) to experimental condition. To cytokines concentrations, a significant (p= 0.004) interaction between the time and conduction for IL10. Conversely, there was no difference between the weeks (p= 0.698) or time (p= 0.142) in the means of TNF. In conclusion both experimental conductions promoted similar changes on muscular swelling without alterations on TNFα, however, the RST protocol induced increase on IL-10 concentration after 24 hours of exercise session.

Published
2019-03-31
Section
Original Article