The role of the physical exercise technicians as a promoter of quality of life in Intellectual Disability

Authors

  • Miguel Ângelo Jacinto Faculdade de Ciências do Desporto e Educação Física - Universidade de Coimbra https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1727-3537
  • Christophe Domingos Escola Superior de Desporto de Rio Maior - Instituto Politécnico de Santarém; Centro de Investigação em Qualidade de Vida (CIEQV) https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5855-1372
  • Raul Antunes Escola Superior de Educação e Ciências Sociais – Instituto Politécnico de Leiria; Centro de Investigação em Qualidade de Vida (CIEQV) https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5485-9430
  • Anabela Vitorino Escola Superior de Desporto de Rio Maior - Instituto Politécnico de Santarém; Centro de Investigação em Desporto, Saúde e Desenvolvimento Humano (CIDESD) https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4402-1973
  • José Rodrigues Escola Superior de Desporto de Rio Maior - Instituto Politécnico de Santarém; Centro de Investigação em Qualidade de Vida (CIEQV) https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7125-0865

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.6063/motricidade.26923

Keywords:

Intellectual Disability, Physical exercise technician, Prescription, Quality of life

Abstract

This narrative review aims to examine the current evidence that supports the importance of physical exercise and the role of the technicians as a promoter of citizenship education, physical fitness and its impact on the performance of activities of daily living and, therefore, on the quality of life of individuals with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities. Several questions are listed in order to understand the reasons for the high rates of a sedentary lifestyle in this population, the reason for the scarcity of experimental studies, who are the actors in the evaluation, prescription and conduct of these activities, what the training of the actors is and what care should be taken. have with that population, in which, through a reflection supported by scientific evidence, an attempt will be made to respond. Results show a clear need in the market for physical exercise technicians with basic training in the area of sports sciences and specifically in adapted physical activities, in the development of functions, tasks and activities with individuals with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, whether in the context of regular education,  fitness or sport and, consequently, promoters of quality of life in individuals with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities.

Published

2022-09-30

Issue

Section

Review Article