Horarios laborales de los progenitores y su incidencia en el rendimiento académico de alumnos de primaria. Efectos diferenciales del género

Resumo

São cada vez mais as mulheres que se incorporam no mercado laboral, o que faz com que sejam cada vez mais as famílias em que ambos os progenitores trabalham. Este artigo tem por objetivo comprovar o impacto dos horários laborais dos pais, tratados em conjunto ou em separado, no rendimento académico de alunos do 1º ciclo do ensino básico em Espanha. Para isso, considerou-se uma amostra de 658 alunos (48% meninas e 52% rapazes, com uma média de idades de 8,69 anos). Foi aplicado um questionário aos pais para recolher informação elementar sobre aspectos sociodemográficos e familiares. Os resultados indicam que as melhores classificações, sobretudo nas áreas curriculares que requerem maior esforço cognitivo, se obtêm quando pelo menos um dos dois progenitores segue um horario laboral regular. Estes resultados acentuam-se quanto é a mãe que segue um horário laboral standard e não o pai.


Palavras-chave: Tipo de horário; Horário laboral; Organização familiar; Rendimento académico.

 

RESUMEN

Cada vez son más las mujeres que se incorporan al mercado laboral con lo que cada vez son más los hogares en que trabajan ambos progenitores. El objetivo de este trabajo era comprobar la incidencia de los horarios laborales de ambos progenitores, tratados de forma conjunta y por separado, en el rendimiento académico de alumnos de primaria en España. Para ello se contó con una muestra de 658 estudiantes (48% niñas y 52% niños, con una edad media de 8,69 años). Se administró un cuestionario a los padres para recabar información básica de aspectos sociodemográficos y familiares. Los resultados indican que las mejores notas, sobre todo en aquellas asignaturas en que se requiere un mayor esfuerzo cognitivo, se obtienen cuando al menos uno de los dos progenitores sigue un horario laboral estándar. Este resultado se ve acentuado cuando es la madre quien sigue un horario laboral estándar y no el padre.


Palabras-clave: Tipo horario; Horario laboral; Organización familiar; Rendimiento académico

 

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Publicado
2017-05-19
Como Citar
Cladellas Pros, R., Castelló Tarrida, A., Clariana Muntada, M., & Badia Martin, M. (2017). Horarios laborales de los progenitores y su incidencia en el rendimiento académico de alumnos de primaria. Efectos diferenciales del género. Revista Portuguesa De Educação, 30(1), 135-155. https://doi.org/10.21814/rpe.9512
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