First Lines of Schooling: Regius and Private Teachers in Brazil, 1759-1834


  • Álvaro de Araújo Antunes Universidade Federal de Ouro Preto, Minas Gerais



Teachers, Education, Minas Gerais, Brazil, Centuries eighteenth and nineteenth


The article presents a brief overview of education in Brazil between 1759 and 1834. Delimited by the creation of the position of Regius teacher and by the decentralization promoted by the Additional Act of 1834, it discusses the process of state control, secularization, and promotion of schooling in the Portuguese America and the independent Brazil. Considering the regional characteristics of the colonial territory, the analyses carried out focus on the Capitania de Minas Gerais [Captaincy of Minas Gerais] because of its economic importance in the context of a “world economy”. The article provides a quantitative assessment of the schooling in various regions of Brazil and presents the profile of the teachers who worked in Mariana, Minas Gerais, contributing to the study of the first lines of school education in the Luso-Brazilian modernity.


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Author Biography

Álvaro de Araújo Antunes, Universidade Federal de Ouro Preto, Minas Gerais

Álvaro de Araújo Antunes graduated in History at Universidade Federal de Ouro Preto (1996), with a master degree in History at Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (1999) and a PhD in History at Universidade Estadual de Campinas (2005), all in Brazil. He took three post-doctorates: at Universidade de Lisboa, Portugal (2008), Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil (2009) and Universidad de Sevilla, Spain (2015). He has a productivity fellowship in research by FAPEMIG, a foundation from Minas Gerais, Brazil. He is professor at Universidade Federal de Ouro Preto and takes part in the research project “Cultura e Educação na América Portuguesa”. He is interested in History of Education and History of the Justice in Portuguese America.