Temas de Investigação EducacionalVol 6 No 3 (2018)
Educação, Saúde e Cuidado [Education, Health and Care | Éducation, Santé et Soins]Vol 6 No 2 (2018)
Edited by Elizeu Clementino de Souza and Christine Delory-Momberger
O número temático sobre Educação, Saúde e Cuidado socializa estudos inovadores na interface entre educação e saúde, ao centrar-se na noção de cuidado como potencializador dos processos de aprendizagens relacionadas ao adoecimento e de narrativas biográficas de pessoas com doenças crônicas. Os textos discutem dimensões metodológicas no campo das narrativas de pacientes com doenças crônicas (esclerose, hipertensão, diabetes, câncer, AIDS, doenças mentais, entre outras), implicando reflexões que partam das experienciais biográficas com o adoecimento, mas, também, análises sobre políticas públicas de saúde, formação dos profissionais de saúde e ações de cuidado em saúde. O número busca ampliar discussões entre narrativas, educação, saúde e cuidado, em diálogo com princípios da educação terapêutica do paciente, de ações interdisciplinares no campo da saúde, do trabalho dos profissionais de saúde e de narrativas de pacientes. O dossiê contribui com reflexões teóricas sobre educação e saúde, bem como apresenta resultados de pesquisas que se dedicam às narrativas e aprendizagens com a doença, de crianças ou adultos, na vertente da pesquisa biográfica em educação, da medicina narrativa e de ações de cuidado em saúde.
Education, Health and Care
By focusing on the notion of care as an enhancer of learning processes related to illness and biographical narratives of people with chronic diseases, this thematic issue about Education, Health and Care intends to socialize innovative studies at the interface between Education and Health. These texts approach methodological dimensions in the field of patients’ narratives with chronic diseases (sclerosis, hypertension, diabetes, cancer, AIDS, mental illness, among others) and imply considerations that rise from biographical experiences with illness, but also reviews on public health policies, training of health professionals and health care actions.This number seeks to increase the discussion between narratives, education, health and care, in dialogue with the principles of the patient therapeutic education, the interdisciplinary actions in the field of health, the work of health professionals and patient narratives. The dossier contributes with theoretical considerations about education and health, as well as shows results of researches dedicated to narratives and learnings with the disease, in the field of biographical research in education, narrative medicine and health care actions, whether with children or adults.
O Direito à Educação [The Right to Education]Vol 6 No 1 (2018)
Edited by João Casqueira Cardoso and Candido Alberto Gomes
O direito à educação reveste-se de vários sentidos, como precioso fruto do Iluminismo e da Ilustração. Ora é concebido como fazedor de milagres, a alterar valores, atitudes e comportamentos de indivíduos e sociedades; ora é um direito programático e residual, importante apenas para a “formação de capital humano”, quando ele se caracteriza como efetivo. Este movimento pendular de otimismo e pessimismo educativos, observado em diferentes períodos, em momentos solitários ou em momentos simultâneos, na verdade não faz jus ao direito à educação. É possível, ao mesmo tempo, verificar a relevância do direito à educação ora para um lado, ora para outro, em diferentes espaços geográficos e sociais contemporaneamente, o que dificulta generalizações fundamentadas na empiria. A própria Constituição da UNESCO, escrita sobre as cinzas da Segunda Guerra Mundial na Europa, assumiu uma posição idealista, com o seu propósito de construção utópica da paz mundial. Entretanto, o idealismo mistura-se ao realismo quando nos damos conta da importância das ideias, dos conhecimentos científicos, verdadeiros e falsos, das ideologias, dos currículos escolares e universitários e dos meios de comunicação de massa para esculpir tanto as noções de paz e fraternidade, como os ódios, em múltiplas dimensões.
Education and Responsible Research and Innovation (RRI): International PerspectivesVol 5 No 3 (2017)
Edited by Marta Romero-Ariza
What kind of science education is required in a world deeply influenced by science and technology? How can we contribute to Responsible Research and Innovation (RRI) through science education? Are students and teachers prepared to address current socio-scientific challenges? What kinds of pedagogies foster the skills and values required for taking a critical position in the discussion of socio-scientific problems? Which teaching and learning activities prepare students to actively contribute to the development of smart and creative solutions? These and others are some of the key questions underlying this special issue devoted to education and RRI.
Socially Acute QuestionsVol 5 No 2 (2017)
Edited by Laurence Simonneaux and Chantal Pouliot
Legardez et Simonneaux (2006) ont proposé le terme ‘Questions Socialement Vives’ – (QSV) en anglais ‘Socially Acute Questions’ (SAQ) – pour décrire des questions complexes ouvertes controversées et intégrées dans des contextes réels. Ces questions sont au cœur du problème de l'enseignement et de l'apprentissage dans un monde incertain, influencé par le développement des technosciences et par les crises environnementales et sanitaires. Ces questions situent la controverse sociale et scientifique, la complexité, le renforcement de l'expertise, l'évaluation de la preuve, l'incertitude et le risque au cœur du processus d'enseignement-apprentissage.
Education: Challenges of an Immanent ResearchVol 5 No 1 (2017)
Edited by Estela Scheinvar, Maria Lívia do Nascimento, and Kátia Aguiar
Thinking the present as a critical attitude has turned an urgent and necessary task for those who have abandoned a long time ago the polemics around the scientific neutrality and dived into the challenges of an immanent research. From this perspective the know-how of those who research engenders and is engendered on their own ways of researching, since those ways are invested of potencies that generate questions, images, affections. In this way of doing, which also means a way of saying and writing, the research is unfolded and experimentations gain the center of the scene, leading a movement of prudent and moving approach to the context of social practices in the field of education.
We could say, running the risk of lightening the words, that such attitude in research problematizes the social practices and the objects that correspond to them – including the research practices themselves. Proposals that find and call for different intercessors – some closer to microphysics, others to micro politics and, also, to institutionalisms – so they can give visibility to the processes of adjustment, of control and of refusal in the field of education.
Educação: desafios de uma pesquisa imanente
Pensar o presente como atitude crítica tem se colocado como tarefa urgente e necessária para aqueles que há muito abandonaram as polêmicas em torno da neutralidade científica e mergulharam nos desafios de uma pesquisa imanente. Nessa perspectiva o saber-fazer de quem pesquisa engendra e é engendrado nos percursos da investigação, sendo estes percursos investidos de potências geradoras de questões, imagens, afetos. Nesse modo de fazer, que também se apresenta num modo de dizer e de escrever, desdobras da investigação, as experimentações ganham o centro da cena e favorecem um movimento de aproximação prudente e inquietante em meio às práticas socais no campo da educação.
Poderíamos dizer, nos arriscando no aligeirar das palavras, que tal atitude de pesquisa é problematizadora das práticas socais e dos objetos que lhes correspondem – incluindo-se aqui as próprias práticas de pesquisa. Propostas que encontram e convocam diferentes intercessores – alguns mais próximos da microfísica, outros da micropolítica ou, ainda, dos institucionalismos – para com eles dar visibilidade aos processos de ajuste, de controle e de recusa no campo da educação.
Educational Modernity: Representation and WritingsVol 4 No 1 (2016)
Edited by Antonio Viñao and Justino Magalhães
The set of texts published in this issue focus, to varying degrees, on the education-institution as a singularity, as an institution-school, or, in a narrower sense, as institutional schooling. From a more objective perspective, they focus on the school. Within the scope of the theme and its timeframe, the concept of representation provides a plurality of objects, figurations, meanings and forms of communication and appropriation. Representation encompasses both the uniform and the diverse, reordering the historical and pedagogical fabric, language, symbology, theoretical and conceptual framework, intentionality and the nature of the object. In other words, it changes authorship and the ways of symbolising and relating.
Biopolitics, Education and Latin AmericaVol 3 No 3 (2015)
Edited by Julio Groppa Aquino & Maura Corcini Lopes
After the last quarter of twentieth century, it has become almost impossible not to take into consideration the importance of the contributions of Michel Foucault's legacy, and hence, its impact on various fields of human knowledge, concerning the achievement of a more refined comprehension of current social issues. In educational field, in particular, whether in regard to the analysis of the discursive and non discursive practices that currently take place in schooling and beyond it, or in studies on the subjectivation processes and, still, in investigations on the resonances between education and the political, economic and cultural changes in present times, the fact is that Foucault seems to be more alive than ever. (...)
Territorial Specificities of Teaching and LearningVol 3 No 2 (2015)
Edited by Roser Boix, Pierre Champollion & António M. Duarte
The links between education and territory are multiple and complex. No part of schooling can entirely free itself from the territorial context in which the school action plan is included: formal schooling, academic achievement, vocational orientation, didactics, pedagogy, etc. are all more or less according to the territories, more or less according to the educational systems concerned. Thus, the territory can have an external effect on school education as an impact factor, but can also be and/or intend to have a full educational role. It may also impact on education as a whole, even a systemic impact as it is the case in some rural and mountain areas (...)
Critical, Cultural and Historical Perspectives on Arts EducationVol 3 No 1 (2015)
Edited by Catarina Silva Martins & Thomas S. Popkewitz
The contributions included in this special issue focus on critical, cultural and historical perspectives on arts education, from its 'reason' in schooling to curriculum, pedagogy, the sciences of education and artistic research. The editors invited international scholars for a conversation that breaks conventions in thinking about arts education as an event that engages a broader and simultaneously focused theoretically discussion around problems that directly affect today's arts education disciplinary field. Theoretical yet at the same time historical and 'empirical' through detailed attention to things of the world; an 'act' that itself has repercussions into the very tissues of contemporary thinking about method as distinct from theory; and the real as somehow a distinction field that separates and makes the material as in opposition rather than in relation to language and discourses. The authors provide a family of resemblance to constitute a share common feld of study, commonly referred to as post-structuralism, and therefore operations dedicated to language as embodying historical inscribed systems of reason understood in their productive effects.
One Planet Residency: Perspectives on Globalisation and EducationVol 2 No 3 (2014)
Edited by Laura Colucci-Gray & Donald Gray
The contributions included in this special issue of Sisyphus engage with such examination by looking closely at the tacit assumptions that are regulating social and educational systems; the extent to which such assumptions have contributed to the sedimentation of a worldview which has proved to be unsustainable and provide some suggestions for moving away from a destructive path towards new and desirable scenarios. The five papers contained in this issue bring together perspectives from the North and the South of the world; interrogate different aspects of the relationship between globalisation and education and altogether, provide an informative overview of current and topical reflections on education for a "one planet residency".
Science Education in the 21st Century: Challenges and ConcernsVol 2 No 2 (2014)
Edited by Rachel Mamlok-Naaman & Dvora Katchevich
(...) The issue consists of six papers. In all the six studies there has been done an effort to find out what should be the best ways to motivate students to study science, and to gain inquiry skills. Some studies (e.g. Fraser, 1982) revealed a positive correlation and a causal relationship between achievement in science and attitude constructs, whereas others revealed no clear (or negative) relationship between attitudes towards learning science and achievement (Osborne & Dillon, 2008). International studies have shown that students’ attitudes towards scientific disciplines depend on the extent of their active participation in the learning process.
The main topics of the six studies of this issue are: (1) The link between formal and non-formal learning in science education, (2) students’ linguistic heterogeneity in science, (3) poster exhibition as an effective means of support for teachers to introduce contemporary chemistry topics to high school students, (4) argumentation in the chemistry laboratory, (5) chemistry, industry, and the environment in the eyes of the individual and society, and (6) the inclusion of students with special needs in science classes teaching them inquiry-based activities. All the papers deal with studies which have the similar objectives: How can we involve as many students as possible in science studies? How can we bridge the gap between formal and non-formal education? How can create a productive and encouraging learning environment?
Frameworks of Regulation: Evidence, Knowledge and Judgement in InspectionVol 2 No 1 (2014)
Edited by Jenny Ozga & Martin Lawn
This issue of Sisyphus draws on work in the research project ‘Governing By inspection: school inspection and education governance in England, Scotland and Sweden’. That research seeks to fill a gap in the literature on the governing of education by examining the ways in which inspection regimes may be understood as governing education-in this case in the three national education systems of Sweden, England and Scotland. (...)
The Professional Practice and Professional Development of Mathematics TeachersVol 1 No 3 (2013)
Edited by João Pedro da Ponte
Didactics of mathematics has developed internationally as a scientific field of studies in the late 1960s in the wake of the modern mathematics movement. Particularly important landmarks in this development were the creation of the journal Educational Studies in Mathematics by Hans Freudenthal in 1968, and the establishment of the Journal for Research in Mathematics Education in 1970, with David Johnson as its first editor.
In Portugal, didactics of mathematics began as a research field between 1980 and 1990 when the first graduates had obtained their PhDs from foreign universities and when master’s degree programs were set up at Portuguese universities. The national research journal Quadrante was established in 1992. Since then, the mathematics teacher has been one of the subjects to receive the most attention from local and international researchers studying teacher conceptions, knowledge and professional practices, as well as teacher education, development and identity. In the last ten years, the focus on the teacher has clearly been centred on the professional practices, together with institutional conditions and teacher education processes that may promote their transformation in order to further students’ learning.
Youth: The Right to a Place in the Sun?Vol 1 No 2 (2013)
Edited by Ali A. Abdi, Candido Alberto Gomes, Célio da Cunha & Ranilce Guimarães-Iosif
One of the most crucial issues today is that of economic growth without a corresponding increase in jobs, especially jobs for youth. The problem is especially acute in countries still affected by the 2008 economic crisis, whose already waning economies have been exacerbated by substantial government and company job cuts. The unemployment queues naturally include a large number of younger people. Yet even when the economic climate was more favourable, young people had already come to realize that securing employment was not only difficult, but often impossible.
As a result, today’s youth have begun to realize that the investment both they and their parents made in their education is unlikely to produce a corresponding financial return. What we have now, therefore, is a high percentage of young people who are not studying, training or working.
With the above-mentioned scenario as a backdrop, this issue of Sisyphus focuses on today’s global youth, with special emphasis on youth education and employment. (...)
The European Educational Space: New FabricationsVol 1 No 1 (2013)
Edited by Martin Lawn & António Nóvoa
This special issue of Sisyphus brings together five contributions on new fabrications in the European educational space (by Martin Lawn, Thomas S. Popkewitz & Catarina Silva Martins, Anne Corbett, Vita Fortunati, and António Nóvoa). All of them seek to describe the educational problems facing Europe today and analyze the complex issues that underlie the European debate on education. We have also decided to include Francisco Ramirez’s revealing reflection on universities. Though it centres on an analysis of American universities, Ramirez’s essay nevertheless explains many of the developments that are taking place in European universities and in the European Higher Education Area.