The Production Cycle of Pisa Data in Brazil

The History of Data Beyond the Numbers


  • Marialuisa Villani Independent Researcher, France



PISA, INEP, ILSA, data production, reference model


We analyse the process of the production cycle of the OECD’s Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) data in Brazil for 2012 and 2015 editions.  We present the qualitative data collected in 2016 through semi-structured interviews conducted with members of the Instituto Nacional de Estudos e Pesquisas Educacionais Anísio Teixeira [National Institute for Educational Studies and Research] (INEP) who worked for PISA in Brazil for 2012 and 2015 editions. We made an ethnography of Brazilian PISA data to show the level of social embeddedness of statistics. In this paper, we propose a mindful approach to statistical data, particularly when results of international large-scale assessments (ILSA) are used to describe an educational system as complex as the Brazilian one. It is possible identify several levels of governance in PISA data production. That produces gap and misalignments that have an impact on quality of information disseminated by PISA data in Brazil.


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Author Biography

Marialuisa Villani, Independent Researcher, France

Phd in Social Systems, Organization and Policy Analysis at Sapienza University in Rome. Her thesis focused on Italian and French student university experience in Bologna reform context. In 2014/15, she decided to specialise in Statistic for Social Sciences at EHESS and ENS in Paris.  In 2016 she received Refeb fellowship from French Embassy in Brazil. Her ongoing research is about the relationship between national and international assessment in Southern-American countries, the production of statistical data and educational policy design implementation. In addition she is working on the self-academic construction of European Earlier career researchers. 


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