A Comparative Consideration of Innovative Digital Teaching/Learning Methods Pre-and Post-Pandemic in Two Universities in Italy and Nigeria





digital learning, adult education, COVID-19 pandemic, innovative methods


This paper presents a descriptive analysis and comparison of higher education policies at the State and organisational levels, methods and effectiveness of digital learning in Italy and Nigeria due to the changes occasioned by the COVID-19 pandemic. It is a reflection of the Adult Education Academy (AEA) 2021 experience that was focused on the consideration of the status pre-and post-pandemic along the mega, meso and micro dimensions in a bid to create an optimal learning environment, encourage innovative teaching methods in both countries and learn lessons. From a comparative perspective, the purpose of this paper is to explore the practices and strategies implemented by the two universities in Italy and Nigeria to address the challenges caused by the pandemic. Some practical teaching/learning methods will be proposed to prepare institutions for the new normal.


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Author Biographies

Tewo V. Bakare, Department of Adult Education, University of Lagos, Nigeria

Associate Professor of adult education (Department of Adult Education, University of Lagos, Nigeria) is a seasoned adult educator and resource person who has worked extensively in the field for several decades and served as a consultant both locally and with foreign collaborators.  She has attended numerous conferences both nationally and internationally, and has over 70 publications in reputable Journals to her credit.  Her area of specialization is adult teaching methods and ICT with interest is women and environmental issues.

Helen Opara, Department of Adult Education, University of Lagos, Nigeria

Doctoral Student with the Department of Adult Education University of Lagos. Her thesis is on Coping Strategies and Subject wellbeing of Single Parents. She holds Master’s Degree in Public Administration and Manpower Training and Development Education.  Her research interests include Adult Education, Lifelong Learning, Subjective Wellbeing of older Adults and Comparative Studies. She is a member of many Professional Associations such as Nigerian National Council for Adult Education (NNCAE): Association for Sustainable Development and Communities Integration of Nigeria (ASDCIN) and attended many Conferences.

Concetta Tino, Department of Philosophy, Sociology, Pedagogy and Applied Psychology, University of Padua, Italy

PhD in Pedagogical Sciences, Education and Training. She teaches at the Department of Philosophy, Sociology, Pedagogy and Applied Psychology of the University of Padua. Her research interests are education-work partnership, skills boundary spanning, soft skill development and assessment, active teaching, leadership and female career development. She has published several articles and chapters on research topics. Among the recent articles: Career planning, proactivity, self-employability, and labour market: undergraduates’ perceptions. (with Fedeli, M.). Women’s career decision making and interest in engineering: a qualitative analysis of influential personal and contextual factors (with Lavagnolo M.C., Fedeli, M. & Bierema, L.).

Monica Fedeli, Department of Philosophy, Sociology, Pedagogy and Applied Psychology, University of Padua, Italy

Full Professor of adult education, teaching methods, organizational development and change, University of Padua, Department of Philosophy, Sociology, Pedagogy and Applied Psychology. Her research interests are didactics, active and participatory teaching and learning, faculty development in Italy and international settings, gender equity, university business dialogue, and professional and organizational development. She has published more than 140 contributions, in books, book chapters, and in a variety of national and International journals.


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