Education, Work, and Citizenship of Youth in China: Strategies, Achievements, and Challenges


  • Wing-Wah Law University of Hong Kong, China
  • Shuqin Xu Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China



Youth, Education, Work, Citizenship, China


This article examines China’s strategies for and constraints on protecting and implementing children’s and young people’s rights to education, employment and social and political participation. It shows that the 1978 policy of reform and opening to the world brought forth significant domestic economic and social changes and exposed China and its people to the world. All this, in turn, created new demands and concerns for the development of youth education, work and citizenship. The article further shows that in China, these three domains of youth have been influenced by changing domestic and global contexts, and the state has played a vital role in facilitating these changes in three major spheres of youth. China, however, has also been confronted with equity issues arising from new developments in these domains.


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Author Biographies

Wing-Wah Law, University of Hong Kong, China

Wing-Wah Law is a professor in the Faculty of Education at The University of Hong Kong. His main research areas include education and development, globalization and citizenship education, education policy and legislation, education reform and Chinese societies, music education and social change, and culture and school leadership.

Shuqin Xu, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China

Shuqin Xu is a lecturer in the Faculty of Education at the Sun Yat-sen University. Her major research areas are school leadership and educational administration, citizenship education, gender and education, and classroom management.