Oral health attitudes and risk behaviors in nursing students
Keywords:oral health attitudes and behaviors, smoking habits, alcoholic habits, consumption of sugary foods, nursing students
Introduction: Tendency, the citizens are more concerned with their physical health in general than with oral health. Therefore, nurses are often health professionals who have the first contact with patients with dental problems. They also become privileged agents in promoting oral health and preventing oral diseases.
Objetives: Evaluate oral health attitudes and behaviors in nursing students and relate them to risky behaviors for cavities and periodontal disease (smoking and alcoholic habits and consumption of sugary foods and drinks).
Methods: Cross-sectional study with a convenience sample of 289 nursing students who attended Health School of Centre Region. Data collection was carried out through a self-administered questionnaire on oral health attitudes and behaviors, which included the Hiroshima University Dental Behavior Inventory (HUDBI).
Results: The average of HUDBI score was 7.3 ± 1.2 and the students who consumed alcohol “every week”, smoked, consumed sugary foods and drinks “sometimes” and made this consumption after meals tend to have better global values of HUDBI.
Conclusion: The results are consistent with national and international research, confirming that the attitudes and behaviors of nursing students regarding oral health are adequate. There was no evidence of an impacting relationship between attitudes and behaviors of oral health in risk behaviors for dental caries and periodontal disease.
Afonso, A. C., & Silva, I. (2015). Qualidade de vida relacionada com saúde oral e variáveis associadas: revisão integrativa. Sociedade Portuguesa de Psicologia Da Saúde, 16(3), 311–330. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.15309/15psd160304
Afonso, B. A., & Castro, M. C. C. de. (2014). Avaliação do conhecimento de higiene bucal e motivação dos pais de uma instituição de ensino pública brasileira. Arquivos Em Odontologia, 50(4), 161–169.
Albuquerque, T., Bernardo, M. F., Simão, A. M. V., Sousa Ferreira, A., Kawamura, M., & Okada, M. (2011). Reprodutibilidade da versão portuguesa do hiroshima university dental behavioural inventory (HUDBI - versão portuguesa). Diferencas nas atitudes e comportamentos entre estudantes do 1° e 3° ano do curso de higiene oral. Revista Portuguesa de Estomatologia, Medicina Dentaria e Cirurgia Maxilofacial, 52(3), 125–132. https://doi.org/10.1016j.rpemd.2011.07.001
Bonnie, R. J., Stroud, C., & Breiner, H. (2014). Investing in the health and well-being of young adults (T. N. A. Press (ed.)).
Céu, A. do, Ferreira, C. S., & Jordão, M. (2019). Programa nacional de promoção da saúde oral. Ministério Da Saúde. Direção-Geral Da Saúde, 36.
Dias, A. R. (2015). Atitudes e comportamentos de saúde oral em estudantes de medicina dentária em portugal e na holanda - um estudo comparativo [Faculdade de Medicina Dentária de Viseu]. https://doi.org/10.1145/3132847.3132886
Doğan, B. (2013). Differences in oral health behavior and attitudes between dental and nursing students. Journal of Marmara University Institute of Health Sciences, 3(1), 34–40. https://doi.org/10.5455/musbed.20130102082831
Drachev, S. N., Brenn, T., & Trovik, T. A. (2018). Oral health-related quality of life in young adults: A survey of Russian undergraduate students. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 15, 1–13. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15040719
Fortes, C., Mendes, S., Albuquerque, T., & Bernardo, M. (2016). Atitudes, comportamentos e estado de saúde oral dos alunos do 1.° ano da faculdade de medicina dentária da universidade de lisboa. Revista Portuguesa de Estomatologia, Medicina Dentaria e Cirurgia Maxilofacial, 57(4), 236–246. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rpemd.2016.10.147
Gondivkar, S. M., Gadbail, A. R., Gondivkar, R. S., Sarode, S. C., Sarode, G. S., Patil, S., & Awan, K. H. (2018). Nutrition and oral health. Disease a Month, 8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.disamonth.2018.09.009
Internacional, F. D. (2017). Como viver com uma Saúde Oral ao longo da vida. Guia para uma boa saúde oral.
Khocht, A., Schleifer, S. J., Janal, M. N., & Keller, S. (2009). Dental Care and Oral Disease in Alcohol Dependent Persons. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 37(2), 214–218. https://doi.org/10.1038/jid.2014.371
Kojima, A., Ekuni, D., Mizutani, S., Furuta, M., Irie, K., Azuma, T., Tomofuji, T., Iwasaki, Y., & Morita, M. (2013). Relationships between self-rated oral health, subjective symptoms, oral health behavior and clinical conditions in japanese university students: a cross-sectional survey at okayama university. Bio Med Central Oral Health, 13(1), 1–7. https://doi.org/10.1186/1472-6831-13-62
Lagerweij, M., & Van Loveren, C. (2020). Sugar and dental caries. In Impact of Diet and Nutrition on Oral Health (Vol. 28, pp. 68–76). https://doi.org/10.1159/000455373
Lee, J., Watt, R., Williams, D., & Giannobile, W. (2017). A new definition for oral health: implications for clinical practice, policy, and research. Journal of Dental Research, 96(2), 125–127. https://doi.org/10.1177/0022034516682718
Petersen, P., Kandelman, D., Arpin, S., & Ogawa, H. (2010). Global oral health of older people – Call for public health action. Community Dental Health, 27(2), 257–268. https://doi.org/10.1922/CDH
Sachdev, R., & Garg, K. (2018). Oral health negligence in alcohol consumers: a review. Journal of Advanced Medical and Dental Sciences Research, 6(8), 49–52. https://doi.org/10.21276/jamdsr
Sehgal, S. A., & Tahir, R. A. (2016). Tobacco consequences oral health: a review article. Research and Reviews: A Journal of Toxicology, 6(1), 28–40.
Shah, A. H., & ElHaddad, S. A. (2015). Oral hygiene behavior, smoking, and perceived oral health problems among university students. Journal of International Society of Preventive and Community Dentistry, 5(4), 327–333.
Sharif, S., Saddki, N., & Yusoff, A. (2016). Knowledge and attitude of medical nurses toward oral health and oral health care of pregnant women. Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences, 23(1), 63–71.
Veiga, N., Pereira, C., & Amaral, O. (2015). Prevalence and determinants of dental caries in portuguese children. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 171, 995–1002. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.01.219
Walker, K. K., & Jackson, R. D. (2017). Oral health beliefs and behaviors of nurse and nurse practitioner students using the HUDBI inventory: an opportunity for oral health vicarious learning. Journal of Nursing Education and Practice, 7(8), 19–26. https://doi.org/10.5430/jnep.v7n8p19
Yildiz, S., & Dogan, B. (2011). Self reported dental health attitudes and behaviour of dental students in turkey. European Journal of Dentistry, 5(3), 253–259. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0039-1698889
How to Cite
Authors who submit proposals for this journal agree to the following terms:
a) Articles are published under the License Creative Commons, in full open-access, without any cost or fees of any kind to the author or the reader;
b) The authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication, allowing the free sharing of work, provided it is correctly attributed the authorship and initial publication in this journal;
c) The authors are permitted to take on additional contracts separately for non-exclusive distribution of the version of the work published in this journal (eg, post it to an institutional repository or as a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal;
d) Authors are permitted and encouraged to publish and distribute their work online (eg, in institutional repositories or on their website) as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as increase the impact and citation of published work
Documents required for submission
Article template (Editable format)