Resilience of children and adolescents

perception of parents

  • Manuela Ferreira Instituto Politécnico de Viseu, Escola Superior de Saúde, CI&DETS, Viseu, Portugal.
  • Graça Aparício Instituto Politécnico de Viseu, Escola Superior de Saúde, CI&DETS, Viseu, Portugal.
  • Ernestina Silva Instituto Politécnico de Viseu, Escola Superior de Saúde, CI&DETS, Viseu, Portugal.
  • Sofia Campos Instituto Politécnico de Viseu, Escola Superior de Saúde, CI&DETS, Viseu, Portugal.
  • João Duarte Instituto Politécnico de Viseu, Escola Superior de Saúde, CI&DETS, Viseu, Portugal.
  • Odete Amaral Instituto Politécnico de Viseu, Escola Superior de Saúde, CI&DETS, Viseu, Portugal.
Keywords: resilience, perception, parents, children, adolescents


Introduction: Parenting has assumed a central role in health issues, due to the implications it may have, not only on the health and well-being of the parents, but especially on the healthy physical, cognitive and emotional development of children and adolescents. 

Objetives: To analyze parents' perception of the resilience of children and adolescents. 

Methods: A quantitative, descriptive and correlational study involving a non-probabilistic convenience sample of 592 parents. A sociodemographic characterization questionnaire and the Internal Assets subscale of the Healthy Kids Resilience Assessment Module (version 6.0), adapted for the Portuguese population by Martins (2005), were applied. It is a Likert subscale constituted by 18 items classified in 4 points corresponding to the following six dimensions: Cooperation and Communication; Self-efficacy; Empathy; Problem solving; Self-awareness and Goals and Aspirations. 

Results: When analyzing the dimensions of resilience and the overall resilience factor of the children / adolescents as understood by the parents, it is verified that the highest average corresponds to the goals and aspirations dimension (M = 77.06 ± 21.75) and that the lowest average refers to self-efficacy (M = 62.37 ± 19.13). The coefficient of variation indicates a moderate dispersion when compared to the recorded averages. 

The perception of younger parents is that children are more resilient in all dimensions of resilience, with significant differences for empathy, problem solving and global resilience, with these variables being considered in promoting positive parenting. 

Conclusions: Parental age and age were predictors of parents' perception of their children's resilience, and these variables should be considered in the promotion of positive parenting and in the ability to adapt to adversity for the promotion of mental health and prevention of risk behavior in children and adolescents. 


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