Psychological impact of the covid-19 pandemic on the general population

systematic review protocol with meta-analysis


  • Catarina Figueiredo Universidade do Porto, Faculdade de Letras, Porto, Portugal.
  • Madalena Cunha Instituto Politécnico de Viseu, Escola Superior de Saúde, Viseu, Portugal | UICISA:E, ESEnfC, Coimbra / SIGMA – Phi Xi Chapter, ESEnfC, Coimbra, Portugal | CIEC - UM, Braga, Portugal
  • Liliana Sousa Centro Hospitalar e Universitário de Coimbra, Serviço de Urgência, Coimbra, Portugal.
  • Eduardo Santos Centro Hospitalar e Universitário de Coimbra, Serviço de Reumatologia, Coimbra, Portugal | Health Sciences Research Unit: Nursing (UICISA: E), Nursing School of Coimbra (ESEnfC), Coimbra, Portugal.



COVID-19, pandemic, mental health


Introduction: The outbreak of Coronavirus disease in 2019 (COVID-19) had a rapid worldwide spread, with direct implications for the physical health of the general population, but also indirectly a profound impact on mental health due to changes imposed on daily life.

Objective: To synthesize the prevalence of psychological and mental health outcomes of the general population acquired in time of COVID-19 pandemic.

Methods: A systematic literature review with binary meta-analyses of fixed effect prevalence through STATA®15.0 will be performed, using the method of the inverse of variance with Freeman-Tukey double arcsine transformation. The selection of studies, the evaluation of their quality and the extraction and synthesis of data will be carried out by two independent reviewers.

Results: We foresee the inclusion of several studies that unequivocally demonstrate the existence of a significant prevalence of psychological and mental health problems, such as anxiety, stress, depression, insomnia, among others. This impact is expected to be moderate to severe and more significant in specific and/or vulnerable groups such as women, youth, health professionals and people with previous mental illness.

Conclusion: It is expected that this review will demonstrate the high impact that this pandemic has on the mental health of the general population. It will be necessary to develop interventions to promote psychological resilience and minimize the negative impact of this and future pandemics.


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How to Cite

Figueiredo, C., Cunha, M., Sousa, L., & Santos, E. (2020). Psychological impact of the covid-19 pandemic on the general population: systematic review protocol with meta-analysis. Millenium - Journal of Education, Technologies, and Health, 2(7e), 11–16.



Life and Healthcare Sciences